Tag Archives: Igor Shustin

A response from Australia to the story of Igor Kanonik about the Minsk ghetto

(beginning,  continuation & end)

These are wartime documents from Australia.

Award list of Goberman Evel Davidovich for the Order of the Red Star  

Award list of Goberman Evel Davidovich for the Order of the Great Patriotic War of 1st degree

Award list of Goberman Evel Davidovich for the Order of the Great Patriotic War of 2nd degree

For much smaller achievements they gave a Heroe title in the Soviet Union.

But of course not to a Jew … And Evel Goberman was the political officer of the first tank battalion, which means always ahead.

At the front from the first day, he took Berlin. His commanders, the commander of the battalion Bulgakov, and the commander of the unit Konstantinov became Heroes of the Soviet Union.

Bulgakov presented Evel Goberman to the Order of the Red Banner, but Konstantinov rewrote it (you can see everything in the award list) to the Order of the Great Patriotic War of the 2nd degree (he already had a 1st degree).

The certificate of the injury of Goberman Evel Davidovich

Goberman Evel Davidovich. Front photo of  the year 1945

Goberman Evel Davidovich, born in 1906, in the army since 1939, member of the party since 1928, before the war he was married and had two sons, on the fronts of the World war 2 (in the Soviet Union -the Great Patriotic War) from the first day, from June 22, 1941.

A short comment from Igor Kanonik to the documents that were sent from Australia.

According to the russian security ministry archives, he went missing in December 1941. Evel Goberman did not knew that his wife Esther Ruvimovna with their two sons Vladimir and Felix managed to evacuate from Belarus to Sverdlovsk. He thought that they got into the ghetto like his parents and sisters …

Evel Goberman was seriously injured in January 1942, except for a serious injury, later
there were two more minor injuries.

As a political officer of the first tank battalion,  of the 20th tank brigade,
captain Evel Goberman fought very bravely, his achievements are described in the award
lists. As part of the 1st Belorussian Front, the 20th Tank Brigade participated in the assault of

But even earlier, in 1944, a front-line journalist came to Evel Goberman the
writer Ilya Ehrenburg. He had heard about the exploits and was given the task of writing a
newspaper article and make a radio short story, which soon sounded on Central radio.
Neighbors came to Evel’s wife and asked if this was her husband, about whom they spoke
on the radio. Esther immediately went to the Sverdlovsk military registration office, and like this they found each other…

In November 1945, Evel Goberman was sacked from the front due to illness.

Evel Goberman died in 1979, his buried in the Minsk Northern cemetery.

The interesting thing is that now the great-grandson of Evel Goberman, came from
Australia and serves in the Israeli Defense Forces.

Translation from the original by Igor Shustin

Published 07/05/2020 21:57

Hi Khosidl and 7.40 goodbye! (part 2)


Where the  ̶D̶r̶e̶a̶m̶  Popularization Can Lead.

(By Nata Holava, Part 2)

 The first part of this longread began with a recent example of “traditional small-town dances of Belarusian Jews”, which, as noted in the article, “were obsessively danced for several hours” by about fifty Gomel dwellers.

I have already found fault with the “Jewishness” of those dances and, to be honest, the whole first quote is nonsense. But the number of people interested in the topic is honorable. They are not afraid to dance it.

I remember very well how two years ago at the end of the party in the Upper Town in Minsk the same musicians, when almost all the dancers left, modestly striked up the Hora Jewish dance (at that time, the only one that succeeded to be promoted into the traditional dance community after the Barysaw party “On a Jewish note”). My partner and I began to dance, and some other dancers joined us in a chain. And then madam Minsk musician, who has learned this very Hora herself, suddenly roared: “Barysaw Jews, take your Jewish dances back to Barysaw and dance them there! Guys, play your own dances! Why are you playing these!” Then she said something about the fact that not all the Jews have been burned in furnaces. And no one was able to say anything. We finished the dance, I thanked this lady for the enchanting demonstration of mind and talent, and we “dumped” Minsk and got back to Barysaw.

We dance the Bulgar in the Upper Town during one of the Belarusian dances, nobody shouts at us, 2019. Photo by N. Batilova.

I wouldn’t remember this incident, since a long time ago we discussed everything with that lady, and everyone forgave everyone. If that situation did not concern our topic directly.

I already recalled the pantomime that happens when someone tries to dance “like a Jew”. I believe you know these movements, and your elbows have already bent, fingers reached out for your waistcoat, and the knees began to spring a little bit. You can also go all together to the center of the circle and lift your hands with your palms up, and then go back and lower them. We know, we have danced it too. And even if, at that moment, the accordionist tears the bellows, playing not the done to death “Seven-forty” freilakhs, but an interesting, incendiary freilakhs (in Belarus it was called a redl). Even if it is not an accordionist, but a violinist, and, according to your and his passports, you are both the “genuine” Jews, it will still not be a Yiddish dance. (Yiddish Dance is probably the most accurate name that I picked up in Weimar.)

Two chic ladies from our Club dance the Couple Bulgar we brought from Weimar. 2019, party near Barysaw, photo by V. Tsvirko.

The Yiddish dance is associated with the speech gesture, and this makes it very different from the Slavic dance. The first thing I heard at the Khosidl workshops in Weimar is that you have to dance your perception of the world and speak up with your body.

You can recognize a Jew by expressive gestures. And dance is a continuation of the conversation. It is impossible to peep and repeat the unique gesture, which is the most important element of this dance, for twenty minutes at the “fair” master class in the crowd, as Madam Popularization offers us. Like any other language, it needs to be learnt from childhood. Or you should look for a community and explore yourself and your gesture there. Words, seemingly, are accessible to everyone equally. But not the accent, the vocabulary, your own thoughts, your temperament and personal experience of interacting with the World. Now I am specifically talking about the mystical Khosidl, in which, as I feel it, the essence of the Yiddish dance tradition is revealed. The Khosidl is a dance of mature people. Not every musician will be able to play it now, and not every dancer will order it from a musician. Because there is a sheerly fair question: what are we going to dance about?

I will add that the Khosidl had different functions and forms, and it was a wedding dance, a “dance of dignity”. It was danced in honor of the bride and a sa matchmakers’ dance. There are references to the Khosidl as the rabbi dance at the end of the Sabbath. More details can be found in the book of my esteemed Dance Master, ethnomusicologist and researcher of the Klezmer tradition Zev Feldman (Walter Zev Feldman, “Klezmer: Music, History, and Memory”).


Alexey Rozov (Moscow), who plays superbly both from the stage and for dancers. Party near Barysaw, 2019, photo by V. Tsvirko.

 Of course, Yiddish Dance comprises chains like a Hora, Zhock, or Bulgar, and funny circular dances where such a deep statement and such an elegant body language are not required. But you cannot hide the manner of movement, facial expressions. And this is what betrays you and your Jewish nature.

Now imagine what it was like to dance “like a Jew” during the twentieth century, when because of this you could say goodbye to your life. Zev Feldman talked about situations where, many years after the Second World War, young people’s hands were beaten by the elderly because they gestured “in a Jewish way”. Well, so in which underground did they have to hide their identity in order to stay alive? And is it possible now to extract all this into the light of God?

And one thing is the Holocaust, the other is our Soviet reality. I felt this when I started explaining to other people about the Yiddish Dance and saw how hard it is to “let one’s body go free”. In what relationship are we with our bodies?

I was born, like most of us here, in Soviet society. In a provincial town environment, where everything was complicated with the body. Mine was forced to be dressed in a school uniform and to walk in a marching column on Soviet holidays. To watch how the bodies like mine perform something in identical costumes on the stage and call it a dance. This dance was somewhere between aerobics of various forms and a military parade. The only place where you could see a free gesture was when fellow adults danced at family feasts after having several drinks. Their movements were free and most real. But this marginal dance has never been explored, and anything like it was associatively ignored. (I do not compare the Khosidl and “drunken” dances, however, both of these phenomena mean for me going beyond the boundaries of the usual existence.) And I still haven’t touched the gender aspects of the cultural background, where a man generally prohibits himself from dancing, as an “unmanly” manifestation. (Here it should be noted that, according to Zev Feldman, male Yiddish Dance never had obvious markers of masculinity, unlike the Slavic ones – “Barynya”, “Kozachok”, “Shamil’s dance …”)

We are in our bodies like in prison. The key that opened its door for me was the Yiddish Dance. Now I’m sure that all my life I have intuitively searched in a dance for exactly this plastic existence for my body – a feeling of unconstrained freedom and dignity. And now, finally, I can afford it. It doesn’t matter whether I lead the chain of Freilekhs, Zhock or Bulgar, will it be a quadrille, or I decide to order a Khosidl (when, finally, Belarusian musicians will be able to play it).

When Aleksey Rozov played a Skochne at a party near Barysaw and invited people to dance, only three ladies dared to go out – maybe that’s what they call the “bold Jews”, 2019.

The skills gained through communicating with the coolest Weimar dance masters and musicians are not related to the “professionalism” of my choreography. On the other hand, the task of “making friends with one’s body” requires a long and thoughtful “homework”. Often associated with reflection, very gloomy thoughts and finding one’s own path. Therefore, it’s impossible to sell in a “quick-and-savory” manner such a trip to another dimension of the soul and body.

But sometimes it’s also impossible to do it slowly.

“Give me the steps and figures, I will learn them! Then I will be able to improvise and weave together my figures to your Khosidl!” – says a dancer in weekly dance classes. Unfortunately, the dance master will not give out ready-made puzzles from which you will put the picture together, they do not exist. There is only your desire to communicate something along with the music. “But I do not want to communicate anything, I want to move and look beautiful at the same time. I do not know what I should do alone!” Because we, with our Slavic identity, interpret functional dance as a priori couple dance. And there is a lot of sex in it. Besides the fact that we are afraid to express ourselves through movement and to be open, we are scared by the possibility of looking unattractive for those who can assess our body… I can’t say that there is no flirting at all in Yiddish dance (even in such a mystical and philosophical one as the Khosidl). But above all, it is the dignity.

Weimar Ball 2019, Jewish wedding. Not sure if it is a mitzvah dance (ritual dance in honor of the bride), but everyone is dancing! And this is the very Khosidl that finally returns to the Jewish community.

Further about klezmers. There can be no dancing without them. And they, too, have now become a fashionable topic. I propose to google, at least in order to begin to distinguish what is klezmer music and who is a klezmer. So far, here in Belarus, no one is. The same question again: when you call a festival (the one that was held in Minsk in the fall) a klezmer festival, do you want to say that there will be klezmers? Or is it still a concert where musicians will professionally and glamorously-perform the music that klezmers once played?

The first function of the Jewish musician was to accompany holidays and ritual moments, which often included dance. Yes, time passed, holidays and customs changed, the role of musicians also changed. The dances disappeared, festive concerts took their place, where the space is divided into a stage and a spectators seating. The visitor is no longer fully involved in the common act, and the musicians have become stage artists and “perform” in front of the public. They must not develop their ability to be in dialogue with the dancers, but performance qualities and technicality, so that the audience would be interested to sit and listen.

A certain local klezmer recently invited me to a party. “No, I said, I won’t dance to your playing.” – “Oh, what a whim. We will learn all that you will tell us to!” It will not work, I said. For years, you have played by note, for the audience, from the stage. But to understand the dancers, it would be useful to dance it yourself, delve into the meaning of these dances. Otherwise, how can you understand how to play it? No, replies our respected klezmer (who has never danced and hardly hung out at weddings next to klezmers from childhood), I do not agree.

Well what shall we do! What, what… Dance with those who can play for dancers. And communicate with musicians who are ready to get off the stage and join us.

Freilekhs. Alexey Rozov plays for dancers at a party near Barysaw after his concert solo program. Together with Zhydovachka. December 2019.

So many difficulties. There are no musicians, and the dancers are rebelling, and popularization is storming, bringing ashore nothing but “seven-forties” instead of amber… And when someone asks: “So, why do you need Yiddish dances? Are there no others?” The fact of the matter is that there are others. But I want these to be as well.

And now the promised fairy tale.

A guy came to a small town to sell plums. He stood at the market square and shouted: “I change plums for garbage! More of your garbage, more plums!”What a fool, said the housewives, and dragged to him garbage in bags, swept it out of the huts and sheds, and even borrowed it from each other. One modest girl brought a tiny bundle, because she couldn’t pick up more in her house. “Sorry,” she said, “I have no more. Can I have at least two plums?” And the guy looked at her, fell in love, put her on his cart and drove to his tower house. This is a so-so metaphor, of course, promoting patriarchal female thriftiness. But my message here is: free plums are just plums, and in order to find something valuable, it happens that you need to sort heaps of garbage.

I hope that the time of aggressive popularization will pass, because any hype seems to be from the evil one. And the eternal Khosidl in its purest form will remain with us.


Lake Sevan, along with the Khosidl, became my second value found last year. 2019, photo by Julia B.

Life-affirming Postscript.

For those who are interested in joining our small, so far, community of Yiddish Dance fans, I summarize my main observations:

1. Jewish and Slavic dances are very different in their essence, manner and performance, despite the similarity of forms, rhythms and melodies. Although, Jewish dances can be finely danced to some Belarusian melodies, and vice versa.

2. Traditionally, Jews did not dance couple dances like polkas and waltzes, this type does not exist in their dance practice and appears in the Jewish environment somewhere during the twentieth century, at different times – depending on the region of Eastern Europe.

3. “Together or solo, Freilekhs or Khosidl” is the main principle of performance of the Yiddish dance. Now we see three main types: collective fun dance (Freilekhs, or Redlin the Belarusian version), set dance or country-dance (Sher, Patch Tanz and others), and solo dance (Khosidl). The Freilekhs is for all people of different ages. The Sher is mainly for young people. And Khosidl can be decently danced at the age past forty or fifty… if you have something to dance about. It may seem that the Jews dance the Khosidl in couples, but no, everyone dances their own dance.

4. I do not know what is more difficult here – to maintain asynchronous movements with total harmony and expressiveness of the dance (which is the specific character of the Yiddish Dance) or to fill each gesture with meaning. I believe these are sides of the same moon and they are being improved in parallel.

5. In short, if you are dancing in a Jewish manner, this is obvious at once, and the gesture that makes it the Yiddish dance is impossible to learn by adopting (copying) the movements of the dance masters. It will turn out to be only a pantomime. Jewish body language comes with personal experience and the study of one’s own body, preferably, in a native environment.

6. To play klezmer tunes for dancers, you need to dance them yourself. Otherwise, how will you play if you don’t understand what “this song” is about? By the way, klezmer is never a song. This is a non-verbal speech, a combination of rhythm, melody and movement. And this is always improvisation.

7. You can support the workshops with Zev Feldman, which we planned with our Barysaw Historical Dance Club for the fall of 2020, here.

8. For those who are attracted by energetic circular dances with typical “Jewish movements” to the fun Jewish songs, there are Israeli dance events. This lot is learned in half an hour and brings joy to masses. And, in principle, as said in a Hasidic parable, whoever danced together, will never kill each other.

Nata Holava, Barysaw

The idea of the text arose thanks to workshops in Weimar, where we were able to get with the support of the MOST Program, research & materials by Zev Feldman © and personal conversations with him.


Translated from the original by Igor Shustin

Corrected by Tanya Karneika

From the site’s founder and administrator:

Do not forget about the importance of supporting the site and especially to the author of the material, Nata Holava (Anna Avota)

Published May 06/2020  15:09

Hi Khosidl and 7.40 goodbye! (part 1)


Where the  ̶D̶r̶e̶a̶m̶  Popularization Can Lead.

(by Nata Holava)

I already wanted to get off from the preparation of this material, since, after looking at my almost ready longread, I burst out sobbing. No text can convey all my feelings as they spark with electricity from the photos and spring with living water from the video streams of Weimar. But then another shtick caught my eye.

Let’s omit details such as traditional Jewish “kokoshniks” from the Gomel region worn by funny aunties, this is a matter of personal taste (maybe not entirely personal, but it would be another longread of sobbing…). Let’s omit dramaturgical miracles like “we were playing Belarusian dances and suddenly decided to switch to Jewish” in an interview, because once we gave ourselves a handle to such miracles…

…in 2017, when a Barisawclub asked Minsk musicians to learn several Jewish dances for a master class, “conditionally” Jewish dances from the traditional Belarusian repertoire were added to them (photo by V.Tsvirko)

And yet, if something is called a “Jewish dance party”, then I want to clarify: comrades, did you mean a party in a Jewish community? Or that people will dance Jewish dances? I beg your pardon, but are you sure that what you are dancing at this party are actually Jewish dances?

I’m not.

Let’s start ab ovo. In the fall of 2019, an article about the performance of a Belarusian ethno-choreographer at a cultural event in Minsk saw the light. The honorable Sir Dancing Master offered a certain Jewish dance from his village, which no longer exists as a folklore pattern, but the “old-timers remember” because they “spied it on local Jews.” At the same time, he demonstrated textbook movements of a stage parody of Jewish folk (Soviet!) choreography. Elderly rural musicians played the 7.40, the dancers repeated the steps, the audience watched, and the national edition highlighted (and added video proofs).

Alena Liaszkiewicz Youtube channel video

 “Maybe you could repost it?” – asked the author of the material.

 Or maybe we won’t try to get from our grandmother’s wardrobe what we have never put there? Because, in the wake of hype regarding the revival of everything Jewish, the Seven-Forty, and the Shabbat Shalom on Sunday, and Israeli cuisine at the Litvak festival (the realities of Belarusian promoters of Jewish heritage) will come into play. Nothing Jewish, as they say, is alien to us. In the same way, “Belarusian vyshyvanka” was being recently sold. Who stamped it first, is the one with the profits.

There is a good fairy tale about it, but I will save it for the finale. And now, let’s talk about dancing.

No, I’m not a professional dancer and not an expert in ethnography, thank God. I am an event organizer and filmmaker. And it’s not so much a folklore pattern in itself that is attractive to me, as a situation in which there an interest of different people in this phenomenon arises and uncontrollable branding and creation of myths begin.

But my personal, deeply internal resonance with this subject excites me even more. As one of my friends recently said, “what is one’s own, resonates”. Let’s take me at the moment when I already began to consciously ask about the Jewish dances Minsk musicians who have been playing at parties for ten years. These are parties where people come not just once (because of master class or animation), but constantly, because it is part of their life and a favorite leisure. The same as disco, just a little older.

Such parties are organized by the Sita Club, in the Upper Town in Minskon Sundays in summer, and in Mikhanovichi (Minsk District)in winter.

Why did I ask them specifically? Because everything Jewish that I managed to find in actual Jewish sources was either catastrophically scenic or Israeli flash mob, based on the new Jewish mass choreography. I mean the Israeli dances and work of Mr. Baruch Agadati (Kaushansky) who created a new dance genre in the nineteen-thirties. Perhaps, only wild Ukrainian and Jewish dances of modern American weddings stand out by their “authenticity” and traditional origin. Google Kolomiyka, Hora, Perenitsa – you will see for yourself.

So, our Belarusian musicians play real! not invented by a stage director! …but village dances. Because these dances were the ones that they collected in expeditions and reconstructed from ethnographic records. But it turns out that no one has explored the city dances, since amateur ethnographic communities, which have recently become very popular, are looking for their Belarusian identity in the village. They do not seek Jewish identity in small towns. But we have neither townships in their true form where one could search, nor carriers of this identity. Therefore, when dances “remembered by old-timers” suddenly appear that strongly resemble the repertoire of a district folk song and dance ensemble, I intuitively want… to cross myself.

Video from the Dance Hayat YouTube channel

Well, so it goes. Our musicians told and showed everything that they knew about Subota, Nazhnichkі, Zhydok and Zhydovachka – Belarusian traditional dances that tell us about the good relations of two neighboring cultures. And then I had to go through… Moscow. Our Belarusian, Vitebsk dance master from a slightly different genre, contemporary dance, introduced me to the dance master Dana Lifanova. And Dana told me about the American researcher Walter Zev Feldman. I invite the respected public to get acquainted with his book Klezmer: Music, History, and Memory (you can by it, for example, on Amazon). This is a scientific and ethnographic book, which, in addition to specifics, historical data, curious details, surgically accurate analysis and references to other sources, helps to imagine the full power and space of the dance and musical tradition that we have lost.

Zev was the leader of the revival of the Klezmer movement in America in the 1970-80s; he is a charismatic dancer, an excellent musician and an incredibly interesting talk partner. Well, yes! Thanks to dozens of years of research, musical environment, expeditions, and dances. His father was also an excellent dancer. And the most curious thing for me is that Zev has Belarusian origins, his mother’s family is from the vicinity of Mogilev. But Zev himself has never been to Belarus.

Zev Feldman, Weimar, 2019

 My Moscow friends said: “Write to him”. I thought: “Yeah, right. Some lady from the city of “B” will write “To America, to Mr. Professor.” Like he cares about the existential torment of this one lady. Nevertheless, a fascinating correspondence began. As it turned out, Belarus is a blank spot of klezmer and Yiddish dances not only for ourselves. In Weimar, for example, no one has ever seen any Belarusians, with the possible exception of Zisl Slepovich (as they call him, “the last Belarusian klezmer”), who went to America ten years ago. And it’s even worse for dancing.

Both Moscow friends and Zev recommended to go to the “Yiddish Summer Weimar” in Germany for information and to feel the atmosphere of a real Yiddish community. According to the stories, that is the most Jewish place in Europe, as far as one can imagine. With (un)klezmer girls from the Zhydovachka kapelye, we wrote an application for the MOST Program and unexpectedly received support… and in August 2019 we came there… where the Dreams lead. If, of course, you know exactly what you really want.

On a break between workshops in Weimar, 2019

Perhaps, now I’ll say the most important thing about Jewish dances and will get scared myself. They cannot be danced outside the Jewish community. Because when you simply repeat the movements after the dance master or other dancers, trying to copy and remember the steps, you get a pantomime. But Jewish dance is never a pantomime. And why am I scared? because no one dances it no win the Jewish Belarusian community. There are communities, there are holidays and weddings, but there is no Yiddish dance tradition. There are no dances that we still had here before the Second World War. And there is nobody with whom to dance them. And the saddest thing is there is no one to play them for the dancers. I’ll even say more, those klezmers that you heard at the “first free klezmerfest” are not really klezmers.

We returned from Weimar in tears, because it was clear that we no longer wanted to go to Zingeray and other mass venues that appeared in Belarus during 2019 (including due to aggressive promotion) and to be animators there. Because for us, as a kapelye, and for me personally, as a dancer, there is no sense in this crazy popularization. Fair crowd, which came to “receive Jewish communion” (to the vogue on which we ourselves accidentally had a hand), does not care a whit about dialogue and depth. People come to the festival and, quite right, they want fast food. Historical, dance, any of it. And in these conditions, only fast food can be given to them. But the Jewish dance, in order to be understood and felt, first of all needs silence, the ability to hear oneself and the musicians, the desire to speak out through the movement of one’s body. Alone or together with people like you.

Khosidl Workshop, Weimar, 2019: Zev Feldman, Alexey Rozov and Alan Bern

We talked in the summer of 2019 with a good friend who could support the dance workshops with Zev Feldman. The conditions were simple: “In Minsk, there will be the Israel Day, and it would be nice if Zev gave his master class in the square”. Not good, gentlemen, not good. I was somehow even ashamed to offer this option to our Dance Master. He did not refuse, he politely replied: “Of course, if possible, I would like to do without “square” master classes …”. Thank God, we rescheduled the workshops to the fall of 2020 and refused the “sponsors’” help.

But there is one more nuance of such support: “Natasha, no one needs someone to be imbued with the Jewish philosophy of dance and go dance at home. This is not interesting for the sponsor”. But I’m not, as for me, interested in multiplying the next in turn choreographic “masterpieces” àla Jewish on the stages of palaces of culture and 7.40  and havanagila chains during city holidays. Here it is, you know, as in the famous meme “quickly, efficiently, cheaply – select two criteria”. For Jewish dance, “quickly, efficiently, en masse”. Select two of them.

I will continue this topic a little later.

In the next part I’ll tell what is wrong with the “klezmers” that many of you have seen here, where to look for the lost Jewish dance gesture, and the tale that I promised you somewhere at the beginning.

Nata Holava, Barysaw

 The idea of the text arose thanks to workshops in Weimar, where we were able to get with the support of the MOST Program, research & materials by Zev Feldman © and personal conversations with him.

Translated from the original by Igor Shustin

Corrected by Tanya Karneika

Published April 04/2020  12:06


Igor Kanonik. Minsk ghetto through the eyes of my father (part 2)

(continued; beginning here)

At the end of 1972, the city authorities began to hatchet a project – how to fill up the “Pit” and dismantle the monument. Everyone already understood that this place was becoming symbolic and anti-Soviet. In their turn, the Jews began to collect signatures under a petition to the city executive committee not to touch the monument. Someone suggested writing the same petition in English, so two parallel notebooks appeared. I saw them at our house on Grushevka when my father went to collect signatures from the Jews. Many were afraid to sign, and my father tried to persuade them.

May 9, 1973 was a big rally at the “Pit”, there were already thousands of people.

At the end of the summer of 1973, the KGB knew about this petition. Most likely because my father and another former ghetto prisoner made an appointment with the chairman of the city executive committee, and they said for what issue they came for and left all their data. From that moment, the authorities launched surveillance of my father. In mid-September, a meeting was scheduled at the city executive committee. One day in early September, when I returned from work, I found out that our house was searched, it immediately became clear what they were looking for. On that day, the KGB officers came to fathers work, took him and drove him home. He was a 6th grade turner by profession, he worked at the motor depot then, he never was a party member. What they could do to him, even checked his locker at work. Everyone, of course, thought that they were looking for some kind of “samizdat” (independent editions)… Fortunately, my father handed over both notebooks to fellow Jews for collecting signatures.

David Kanonik at work in a motor depot, 1973

The appointed day was approaching. On September 15 it was time to go to the city executive committee. My prudent father asked a familiar Russian woman to carry the notebook into the building of the city executive committee. She said at the entrance that she was going to get a job, and she was let in. And father went without anything, only with his passport. Unfortunately, his second colleague did not came, they made an appointment together. Two deputies received my father, they already knew what he was going to talk about, another man in a gray suit was sitting in the corner of the office, but he did not introduce himself.

The conversation lasted more than an hour, father handed them the notebook with a petition full of signatures of Minsk residents, mostly prisoners of the ghetto and their relatives. He told them how he had been in the ghetto from his first day on July 20, 1941 until the beginning of September 1943, when he managed to escape to the partizan detachment. And the fact that almost his whole large family died, including all relatives, its 32 people. At the end of the conversation, they asked him why people do not want creation of a beautiful park on this place, with filling the “Pit”.

Father realized that everything he told them was not interesting. Then he became angry and before leaving he said that if they would break this monument, then they can kill him right there. And that many years will pass, there will be neither them, nor these offices, and the monument will still stand in the “Pit”…

…On the next day, the director of the motor depot told father to work calmly, the question of his dismissal is not even worth the time.

But another question remained, how to hand over the second notebook with a petition in English. So that it reaches at least to the American correspondent in Moscow. Everyone understood that international publicity was needed, that only it could stop this madness in Minsk.

Jewish identity in the USSR began to rise after the victorious Six Day War in June 1967, in which Israel fought a coalition of Arab countries (Egypt, Syria, Iraq and Jordan). The euphoria after this war was long-lasting. New waves of Jewish activities took place also after the “aircraft affair” – attempts to hijack a plane from Leningrad on June 15, 1970 and the arrest of eleven people, almost all of whom were Jews. After the killing of eleven Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympics in September 1972. And after the Mossad operation, carried out on the personal order of the Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir, with the aim of capturing and eliminating all the terrorists involved in the killing of the athletes.

With publicity, everything was resolved. In early October 1973, the last few families were to leave Minsk, for which all the documents had already been ready. They went to Moscow, and there, at the Dutch embassy, they were supposed to receive the remaining documents and train tickets to Vienna.

On June 10, 1967, the USSR broke off diplomatic relations with Israel. After the victory of Israel in the Six Day War, the Israeli embassy was closed, and the interests of Israel were represented only by the consul, who received at the Embassy of the Netherlands.

The idea was to persuade one of the families to take the notebook with signatures to Moscow and hand it over to the consul. And so it happened. After this family left Moscow, moscow friends called their relatives in Minsk and said that they had escorted them to the train station, and that they had transferred everything as planned.

Literally in these days, on Saturday, October 6, 1973, at two in the afternoon, on the eve of the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur, the armies of Egypt and Syria attacked the positions of Israeli troops along the ceasefire line of the previous Six Day War of 1967. This is how began the fourth Arab-Israeli war – the Yom Kippur War.

It was interesting to observe such a picture, as in the Minsk GUM department of radio products on Lenin Street there was a long line of Jews only. Everyone wanted to buy the “Ocean” radio of the Minsk Radio Plant – of course, in order to listen to “enemy voices” and to know the whole truth about the war in Israel. Jews were already aware of what bluffs all Soviet newspapers wrote during the Six Day War. Therefore, no one was going to trust the Soviet newspapers.

I remember it like it was now, on the evening of October 24, 1973, all Jews listened to “enemy voices” – such as the DW, Radio Liberty, and Voice of America. It was the last day of the Yom Kippur War in Israel. Then the “voices” spoke only about this, and also read chapters from the “Gulag Archipelago” by Solzhenitsyn. And suddenly in the middle of the news they say that the Belarusian authorities want to demolish the monument to the Jews who died in the Minsk ghetto. The first monument to the Jewish victims of fascism in the entire Soviet Union, erected by surviving Jews in 1947. They talked about this for several days in a row, and also wrote about it in the newspapers in Israel and in West Germany. It was a real big win.

Now you can only imagine what elevated tones Peter Mironovich Masherov was talking with then chairman of the city executive committee Mikhail Vasilievich Kovalev. And the insult was great – how did it happen that in the midst of the ardent state antisemitism that was generated by the state, ordinary Minsk Jews were able to spin all the Belarusian authorities? As you know, 1973 was the heyday of the era of stagnation in the USSR.

Igor and Lena Kanonik on their wedding day March 1, 1985 near the monument at the “Pit”

A little more about my father.  Soon, he went to work at a factory of medicaments, he worked there for a long time. Then he began to work at a radio factory. It was a branch of a radio factory for the production of wooden cases for TVs and radios, which had previously exploded. The explosion occurred due to spontaneous combustion of dust during the second shift on March 10, 1972, in a new workshop that worked for only three months.  At fifteen degrees below zero, firefighters flooded everything with water.  According to official figures, 106 people died.

My father worked at a radio factory until his retirement in 1989.

My dad, Kanonik David Efimovich, and my mother, Kanonik (Meisels) Maya Izrailevna, lived in the same house on Grushevka, without any luxury.  Although then, in December 1973, three months after the scandalous visit to the city executive committee, my father was called to the same executive committee. That time it was the housing department. They said that they knew that he was a prisoner of the Minsk ghetto, and offered him a new three-room apartment. But my father refused, saying that he did not need anything from them. It should be noted that my father never asked anyone to improve his living conditions, it was their initiative.

In the mid-1980s, working at a radio factory, father talked to the chairman of the factory society of war veterans. Father said that he was in the partizans, but the chairman of the society grinned and replied that the Jews were in the ghetto. Then father said that he had been in the Minsk ghetto for more than two years and fled to the partizans. But to the question, where are your documents of the war participant and the partizan of Belarus, my father had nothing to answer. He had to look for witnesses, former partizans, and go to Orsha to the commander of the partizan detachment. The commander did not remember him, probably because he was already very old, but he asked my father to tell him everything that he remembers from the life of the detachment. Father began to tell what he was doing, that he was guarding the hospital on the swamp island, and his mother Elizabetha Davidovna Kanonik (Goberman) was a cook and worked in the hospital. Then the commander remembered. He sent father to the republican party archives, where all the papers were kept. And only after that my father received an extract from the diary of the partizan detachment, in which the meticulous clerk wrote down everything. The certificate clearly stated that on September 5, 1943, Kanonik David Efimovich was arrived to the partizan detachment named after Kirov, the brigade named after Kirov, Minsk region, and in the column “from where he arrived” there were indicated “Minsk ghetto”.

… For the first time, at the beginning of August 1943, father and his mother fled from peat mining along the Mogilev highway, where they were taken daily from the ghetto. The security was weak – one, sometimes two police officers, who were already tired to count Jews (how many were leaving the ghetto and how many were returning). But there was a German post ahead of the road, and my father had no papers. In addition, almost all men and teenagers were forced to take off their pants (this way the Nazis looked for Jews). He had to go back to peat mining. His mother passed all the posts, as she had an “Ausweis” with a note that she lives in the village of Shpakovschina. She already knew how and where to find the partizans. Ausweis was prepared in advance by her husband, my grandfather, Kanonik Efim Yakovlevich, who was connected with the underground in the ghetto and died shortly before that, in early July 1943, in one of the raids at the meat factory. He never managed to take advantage of his “Ausweis”.

Before the war, my grandfather worked at a meat factory, where more than half of the workers were Jews. When all the Jews were driven into the ghetto, the Germans realized that a meat factory would not be able to work without Jews. They selected all the former workers according to the documents of the meat plant and began to take them to work from the ghetto in an organized manner.

In general, in the Minsk ghetto there was an opportunity through the Judenrat (the Jewish administrative body) to ask for any work team. There were a lot of working teams, every day early in the morning, under the supervision of policemen, they were driven out or taken out for various jobs. This made it possible to prolong one’s life and somehow to eat, as the working teams had reasonable amounts of food, and there was a short lunch break. Nobody fed those who remained in the ghetto; they needed to take care of themselves.

Also, almost every day the ghetto prisoners had to hide, so as not to get into the gas chamber during the next round-up. But in the spring of 1943, everything changed. The Germans began to drastically reduce the size of the already melting ghetto, and began to organize pogroms for working teams. For example, you could leave for work in the morning and not return to the ghetto in the evening. Sometimes after work they were immediately taken away for execution.

So for two years, grandfather and father as part of a working team used to leave the ghetto to work at the meat factory. They were officially registered on this working team. Father was there on the last day in early July 1943.

…The Jews at the meat plant noticed that in the middle of the day more police arrived than usual. So many policemen were not required to accompany the Jews back to the ghetto. Grandfather Efim told my father to slip out of the territory in the area of the rear warehouses quickly and quietly, take off the stripes and calmly go to the train station. Father did just that, stayed in the train station until darkness, and close to the night he crawled under the barbed wire into the ghetto area through the region of the Tatar gardens. Arriving home, and in 1943 they already lived at Sukhaya Street, as the territory of the ghetto was gradually reduced and Jews were resettled, he saw his mother sitting and crying. She already knew everything, she was informed that the cars with the workers from the meat plant drove through the ghetto, she thought that they both died. Usually, all working teams walked to and from work at the meat plant, accompanied by police officers. But this last time, after work, all the Jewish workers from the meat factory were transported through the ghetto directly to Tuchinka and immediately shot in the clay quarries of an old brick factory.

The Germans often drove through the territory of the ghetto, entering through the gates on Nemiga Street, along the Respublikanskaya and Opansky streets and leaving through the gates at the railway.

Also in Tuchinka the younger brother of grandfather Efim, Nissim Kanonik, born in 1910, who was on the same working team, was shot. He, like Grandfather Efim, before the war worked at a meat factory. Nissim was drafted into the army and, on July 23, on the day of conscription, he was sent to the front, which was advancing towards Minsk. After the first battles, the remnants of its broken detachment, retreating by forests, came to Minsk, the city was already occupied. Just near Minsk, Nisim met his elder brother Honya Kanonik, born in 1906, who was also drafted into the army on July 23. Honya with the remnants of his military unit went east to the front line. Honya categorically dissuaded Nissim from entering the occupied Minsk. But Nissim was not afraid, he knew the city well, which helped him to get to his house on Chervensky road at night, where his wife Lida and two young sons, Yakov, born in 1936 and Victor, born in 1939, remained.

Honya Yakovlevich Kanonik – one of the first cash messengers in post-war Minsk

It was just the beginning of July, and the commandant’s order to create a Jewish ghetto from July 20 was already hung around the city. All Jews were obliged to move to this area in the center of Minsk. Nissim Kanonik decided to go to the ghetto alone, and his Russian wife Lida with two sons remained in their house on Borisovskaya Street, near Chervensky road. Having slightly corrected her documents, this strong and smart woman survived three years of occupation and saved her children.

Nissim Kanonik with his wife Lida and eldest son Yakov. Photograph of 1937

On the picture from the year 1931 is the father of my father Khaim (Efim) Kanonik, born in 1903. Both were shot in Tuchinka in July 1943 during a round-up at a meat factory. This is how the whole working team was destroyed. Father was there too, but miraculously escaped.

There were many mixed families in the Minsk ghetto, and non-Jewish wives followed their husbands in to the ghetto, taking on all the hardships. They also wore stripes on their clothes and shared the sad fate of all their Jewish relatives.

Translation from the original by Igor Shustin

(to be concluded)

Published 04/15/2020 16:36


Igor Kanonik. The Minsk ghetto through the eyes of my father (part 1)

The story is written in a form where the events of 1941-1944 sometimes overlap with the events of the early 1970s. This is a real and true story of two families, Kanonik and Goberman, of which 32 people died in the Minsk ghetto. History unfolds in two time planes. Oddly enough, the past is connected with the present by the chain of events arising from one another.

The story was written in 2013, on the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the destruction of the Minsk ghetto, and corrected in 2019. Some photos are published for the first time.


On June 28, 1941, the Germans, not meeting much resistance, entered Minsk. The family of my father, David Kanonik, lived before the war near the Chervensky tract on Krupskaya Street. It was a large area of private houses behind the train station. All lived together in his house: grandfather Efim (Khaim) Yakovlevich Kanonik, born in 1903, grandmother Liza Davidovna Kanonik (maiden name Goberman) born in 1906, the elder sister of my father Luba, born in 1926, my father David, born in 1929, and grandmother Gita, the mother of grandfather Efim. Also in this house lived grandmother Esther, the sister of grandmother Gita. Both of two young children: father’s sister Rita, born in 1931, and brother Marat, born in 1938, died of dysentery before the war.

For several days, the Kanonik’s could not decide whether to leave to the east or stay in Minsk, and left the city only on June 26. Many families who left Minsk on June 23-24 managed to go far, and to cross the bridge over the Berezina River. But father’s family traveled only 40 kilometers when German troops in the uniform of the Red Army were dropped directly onto the refugee column.

My father David Kanonik (1929-1999, died in Israel). He spent more than two years in the ghetto; since September 1943 he was a partizan

Saboteurs told the refugees so that everyone would return to their homes, that in front of the Berezina River, there is no bridge and no opportunity to cross to the opposite bank. The bridge was indeed blown up on June 25 by Soviet military units during the retreat in order to detain the Germans on the Berezina River. Therefore, many refugees, including Jews, turned back to Minsk.

As early as on June 24, the top leaders of the republic and the city, hastily and secretly fled from Minsk to Mogilev, without informing the population that they needed to leave. Their escape caused the deaths of hundreds of thousands of people, and first of all the complete destruction of the Jewish population of Minsk and its environs, who ended up in the Minsk ghetto. It was a real betrayal of the city population.

Almost a month later, in mid-July, an order from a military commandant was posted throughout the city. All Jews were ordered to leave their homes and relocate to the ghetto area from July 20.

My father and his family got there and for more than two years they were prisoners of the Minsk ghetto – from July 20, 1941 until the beginning of September 1943. When my father managed to escape to the partizan detachment, the last 3,000 Jews remained in the ghetto. It was a month and a half before the last ghetto destruction action. On the twenties of October 1943, the Minsk ghetto, the largest of two hundred Jewish ghettos in Belarus, ceased to exist.

According to the archives and museums of Germany, about 150 thousand Jews died in Minsk, more than 40 thousand of them were Jews from Germany, Austria and the Czech Republic. Foreigners were clustered in the “Sonderghetto”, a special one inside a larger ghetto. There is a memorial in the park on Sukhaya Street, on the site of an old Jewish cemetery, in the territory of the former ghetto, which is dedicated to the Jews of Europe.

The only place where it is noted that 150 thousand Jews passed through the Minsk ghetto is the Berlin Holocaust Museum. Even on Wikipedia, the data is not accurate.

Of the 250 thousand pre-war population of Minsk, more than 100 thousand were Jews. The Minsk ghetto lasted two years and three months. Throughout this time, all those who died and were killed in small pogroms, which took place almost constantly, were buried in common grave-ditches in the territory of this cemetery. The cemetery existed from the middle of the 19th century; Jews were buried there after the war, until the early 1950s. In the early 1970s, the cemetery was closed, and in 1990 it was razed to the ground.

Father told how after the war they paved cobblestone on Collectornaya street (former Jewish) on the site between the street Nemiga (during the war it was called “Khaimstrasse”) and up to the street Sukhaya, and how they laid a road straight through the graves.

The convoy that left Berlin on November 14, 1941 was the third convoy of European Jews to the Minsk ghetto. The first, according to the German archives, was a convoy train, which left Dusseldorf on November 10, 1941. The second was a convoy from Frankfurt, sent on November 11, 1941.

And today, walking along the old part of Dusseldorf, right at the houses where the Jews lived, you can see copper square tablets. They, like in Berlin, are walled up on the sidewalk with the names of former residents deported to the Minsk ghetto. Later, in the winter of 1941–1942, there were many more trains from Hamburg, Berlin, Bremen, Cologne, Bonn, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt and Vienna – all to the Minsk ghetto.

These data are from Berlin museums and archives in Germany. It is better not to argue about statistics with the German pedants. In Soviet times, the number of Jews who died in the Minsk ghetto was belittled. For example, on the territory of the Khatyn memorial complex, created in 1969, there was a memorial plaque-niche in a long wall (I think it is still in the same place), which lists several streets that entered the Minsk ghetto region, and it says that 75 thousand peaceful Soviet citizens died there.

The Holocaust of Jews in the territories of the former Soviet Union remained a secret for several decades after the end of the war. For ideological and political reasons, the Soviet regime did not recognize the uniqueness and scale of the extermination of Jews by the Nazis. Only after the collapse of the Soviet Union the documentation and perpetuation of the memory of Holocaust victims become possible.

… Father told me that at first they lived in the ghetto on Ostrovsky Street, not far from the entrance gate from the side of Nemiga Street. Almost every day three enormous gas chambers drove into the ghetto; they stopped near a public park on Ostrovsky. There followed a raid on the Jews – those who did not go to work or could not hide in the pre-prepared “malinas.” “Malina” was the name for hiding places under the floor of the house, between the floor and the ground, or for a small secret room, which was obtained after making an extra large wall. Policemen caught all who came across, and driven them into the gas chamber. Cars drove the Jews to “Maly Trostenets” and burned them there.

The first commandant in the Minsk ghetto was Major Richter, he often liked to go around the ghetto, accompanied by policemen and with a whip in his hand. And God forbid if someone does not take off his headgear when he met him, or catch his eye with a poorly sewn armor. These were round yellow stripes on the clothes, front and back, which should have been worn even by children from 12 years old. Later, under the yellow stripes, they forced to sew a small white ones, but only on the chest. Last names and numbers corresponding to the house number in the ghetto were written on these small stripes, since all the houses were numbered. It was a kind of residence permit.

During the next, largest, fourth pogrom (July 28-31, 1942), in which about 30 thousand Jews died, the elder sister of my father Lyuba died. Police officers, as usual, walked the ghetto streets and handed out leaflets. Lyuba told her mother that she would go outside and take the leaflet. Her mother tries to dissuadedher, but Lyuba came out and no one saw her since than…

My father’s sister Lyuba, b. 1926, Photo1939

It turned out that like this the policemen lured people from houses and shelters, where there was still the opportunity to hide.

Also during this pogrom, died grandmother Esther, the sister of grandmother Gita. When everyone who was in the house managed to hide in the “malina”, she closed the hole, laid a rug on top and sat on the bed in the bedroom. She told to the Germans and policemen who entered, in Yiddish that she is blind and can not see nothing. Then a German took her arm and slowly led her out into the street towards the gas chamber. And thus Esther left, taking away the danger from her family…

July 28, on the first day of the great pogrom, my father and grandfather Efim, as part of the work team, managed to leave the ghetto to work at a meat factory early in the morning. On the way to work, a group of Jews was constantly accompanied by several policemen. They met a large convoy of Ukrainian policemen (from July 10, 1941, several convoys of the 1st Ukrainian police battalion stationed in Minsk), which marched towards the ghetto. Soon after, shots were heard from the ghetto.

By the end of the working day, all Jews were informed that they will not return to the ghetto, but remain at work for the night. The same way they spent the next two nights. The pogrom in the ghetto ended at exactly three in the afternoon on July 31. When father and grandfather returned to the ghetto in the evening, they realized that only mother, Liza, was alive, but the sister and two grandmothers were gone. This was the fourth large pogrom planned by the Germans.

Liza Kanonik (Goberman) born in 1906, my father’s mother. She escaped from the ghetto in early August 1943. Almost a year was a cook and worked in the hospital of the partizan detachment. Photo taken in 1946

It is officially known that in Maly Trostenets, the Germans killed 206,500 people, and more than half of them are prisoners of the Minsk ghetto. It is also known that this figure is greatly underestimated.

The outstanding German intellectual-historian Hans-Heinrich Wilhelm in his book “Operational Group A of the Security Police and SD 1941–1942 ”confirms and reliably states that in 1942, 1,000 Jewish transports (railroad cars) were observed in the vicinity of Minsk. This German historian claims that the number of foreign Jews deported to the Minsk region in 1942 is, according to conservative estimates, 75 thousand people. Most of these European Jews, bypassing the Minsk ghetto, went directly to the extermination camp Maly Trostenets.

But even earlier there was a third big pogrom. There was a large sand pit in the ghetto. And it was there that in 1947, with funds raised by surviving Jews, one of the first monuments to the victims of the Holocaust was erected on the territory of the entire Soviet Union. The inscription on it was made in Yiddish. But at that time, for well-known reasons, they could not write on the monument that these 5,000 Jews were the victims of the third pogrom, organized on the Jewish holiday of Purim on March 2, 1942.

The pogrom began by shooting 200 children of the orphanage, along with teachers and medical workers. The orphanage was located on Ratomskaya Street (later Melnikaite) next to the quarry. The Gauleiter of Belarus Wilhelm Kube was present when they were shooting the children, he threw candy to them. After the execution of 5,000 Jews, the Germans did not allow the quarry to fall asleep for several days. Father said that after the execution, the snow fell, and the executed Jews lay for several days, covered with snow.

Unfortunately, even in 2000, when the “Pit” Memorial was created on this site, they also forgot or did not want to indicate the total number of Jews who died in the Minsk ghetto.

There was one more place of mass executions of Jews from the ghetto – the victims of the first two large pogroms were mostly shot there. The first big pogrom, dedicated to the holiday and due to the lack of space for the resettlement of European Jews, took place on November 7, 1941. The Germans “loved and tried” to organize large-scale pogroms for the Soviet or Jewish holidays. They forced the Jews to form columns and walk along the central square of the ghetto, Yubileynaya square, as in a demonstration. These columns immediately after the “parade” drove to Tuchinka. Thus perished 12 thousand Jews.

The second big pogrom, connected with the urgent preparation of a place for the resettlement of European Jews (“sonderghetto”), took place on November 20, 1941, in which another 20 thousand Minsk Jews died. All this happened in the village of Tuchinka, in clay quarries on the territory of three old brick factories. Over 30 thousand Jews were shot there on the outskirts of Minsk during the existence of the ghetto.

Unfortunately, in the postwar years this place was forgotten. Perhaps one of the reasons for oblivion is that before the war, the 6th NKVD colony was located next to Tuchinka. That is, both Germans and Chekists inherited there. Today it is a territory near Kharkovskaya Street, in the direction of the Calvary Cemetery. A modern Tuchinka park barely overlapes this territory.

All the surviving ghetto prisoners had a peculiar psychological syndrome for 25 years after the war. They walked around the streets where the ghetto was. They didn’t tell anyone about this, and in general they tried not to touch the ghetto subject. Of course, the postwar state policy contributed to this. Persecution of Jews in the late 1940s. The murder of Solomon Mikhoels in Minsk in January 1948 (there were rumors in Minsk that the death of Mikhoels was an officially organized murder). Destruction of Jewish culture, August 12, 1952 in the cellars of the Lubyanka were shot 13 members of the JAC – the “Jewish Antifascist Committee.” An anti-cosmopolitan company that acquired anti-Semitic forms. The “doctors’ plot” at the beginning of 1953. And state antisemitism, which intensified in the late 1960s and in the 1970s.

How did Minsk Jews manage to perpetuate the memory of their fellow compatriots in the years when no one wanted to hear about the Holocaust?

The first organized Jewish rally at the Pit took place on Victory Day in 1969. Fifty people gathered, mostly Jews who lived close to the Pit, and their relatives. My father’s brother Edik Goberman, born in 1945, lived with his family in Zaslavsky Lane.

Not many Minsk residents know that the first two flower beds on both sides of the monument were made by Jews living near the Pit. But in front of the round flowerbeds, two large flowerbeds were made in the form of Magen David, this was in the early May 1969. These flower beds did not stand even a day, there even did not manage to put flowers. It remained a mystery how the KGB found out about them, but in the evening of the same day four persons in gray suits immediately went to the house of the organizer of these community workers in the Pit.

In the courtyard, where the Chekists entered, stood dozens of shovels and a rakes. KGB officers said they were aware that work was underway at the Pit to clear the area. And then it sounded in an imperative tone: “Get rid of these flower beds of yours until the morning!”

It had to redo the six-pointed flower beds into round ones at night. And when on May 9, 1969, the Jews first rallied at the Pit, everyone saw two round flower beds with flowers.

A few words about the organizer of the community workers. This was one of the first Minsk Zionists, everyone called him Feldman, perhaps this was not his real last name. According to the stories of his former neighbors, he was like a bone in the throat for the KGB. At the end of 1972, he was taken to Moscow and put on a plane flying to Vienna, from where he allegedly flew to Israel. In the early 1990s, after almost 20 years, his former neighbors searched for him in Israel, but never succeeded…

During Brezhnev’s time the Jews, who had something to lose, were afraid to come to the “Pit” on Victory Day. I myself have seen many times how Jewish intellectuals walked from Yubileynaya Square down Ratomskaya Street (later Melnikaite) past the market, constantly looking over their shoulder. It was rumored that disguised KGB officers photographed people. But every year more and more Jews came to the Pit.

Translation from the original by Igor Shustin

(to be continued)

Published 04/12/2020 02:19

“Taglit” through the eyes of Irina Ozerova / תגלית דרך עייניה של אירינה אוזרובה

I found out about “Taglit 27-32” program quite by accident – and rushed to seize the opportunity.
There were 34 travelers and 2 accompanying people in the group. The group was mixed – Russia and Ukraine (Moscow, Kharkov, Kiev, Samara, Odessa, Cheboksary, etc.).
We met at the Ben Gurion Airport and immediately found a common language.

גיליתי את התוכנית “תגלית 27-32” די במקרה – ומיהרתי לנצל את ההזדמנות.
בקבוצה היו 34 מטיילים ושני מלווים. הקבוצה הייתה מעורבת – רוסיה ואוקראינה (מוסקבה, חרקוב, קייב, סמארה, אודסה, צ’יבוקסרי ועוד).
נפגשנו בנתב”ג ומיד מצאנו שפה משותפת.

From the airport we were taken to a kibbutz near Modiin, placing us in hotel “Gvulot”.

משדה התעופה הועברנו לקיבוץ ליד מודיעין, ושיכנו אותנו במלון “גבולות”.

The 1st day in Israel in Modiin. In the picture Irina Ozerova, Ksenia Bankova, Denis Nichoga, yulia Ostroushko, Nadezhda Levitina, Olga Gorbunova, Inga Surkova, Konstantin Khodos, Maria Lamakh, Anastasia Petrenko, Elizaveta Pulupenko, Alex Folgin, Ilya Emaev and others.

היום הראשון בישראל במודיעין. בתמונה אירינה אוזרובה, קסניה בנקובה, דניס ניצ’וגה, יוליה אוסטרושקו, נדז’דה לויטינה, אולגה גורבונובה, אינגה סורקובה, קונסטנטין חודוס, מריה למך, אנסטסיה פטרנקו, אליזבטה פולופנקו, אלכס פולגין, איליה ימייב ואחרים.

At the Fruit & Vegetable Farm “The Salad Trail” 

“בחוות הפירות והירקות “שביל הסלטים






We traveled in Israel for 10 days, starting with Yeruham – a great example of how, even in the desert, a person is able to give life to everything green, a huge amount of vegetables and fruits that can be approached and tasted. Kibbutz Sde-Boker, Ben-Gurion’s grave is a place that must be visited by both old and young. A lot of interesting information from our wonderful guide Max Isikson. The evening found us in a Bedouin village, Khan Hashayarot. a lecture from a local resident, an unforgettable camel ride, an unusual Bedouin-style dinner, going out into the desert under a night starry sky, when you can be left alone with yourself, spending the night in a tent.

טיילנו בישראל במשך 10 ימים, התחלנו מירוחם – דוגמה נהדרת לכך שאפילו במדבר אדם מסוגל לתת חיים לכל דבר ירוק, כמות אדירה של ירקות ופירות שאפשר להגיע ולטעום מהם. קיבוץ שדה-בוקר, קברו של בן-גוריון הוא מקום שחובה לבקר בו גם למבוגרים וגם לצעירים. הרבה מידע מעניין מהמדריך הנפלא שלנו מקס איסקסון. בערב מצאנו את עצמנו בכפר בדואי, חאן השיירות. הרצאה של תושב מקומי, טיול גמלים בלתי נשכח, ארוחת ערב בסגנון בדואי יוצא דופן, יציאה למדבר תחת שמים זרועי כוכבי לילה, היכן שאפשר להשאר לבד עם עצמך, לבלות את הלילה באוהל.



The morning began with a visit to the canyon in the Negev desertA place where you become part of all living, an echo from the cries of birds and the rustle of the water. Next we went to Eilat. The Red Sea greeted us with warm water and beautiful views under water when traveling by boat.

הבוקר החל בביקור בקניון שבמדבר הנגב. מקום בו אתה הופך לחלק מכל החיים, הד מצעקות הציפורים ורשרוש המים. לאחר מכן נסענו לאילת. ים סוף קיבל את פנינו עם מים חמים ונופים יפהפיים מתחת למים כשנוסעים בסירה.


The next day we were taken to the Dead Sea. Incredibly warm, soft water, as if you go into olive oil, water that allows you to just relax and lie on yourback, enjoying the blue sky.

למחרת נסענו לים המלח. מים חמים ורכים להפליא, כאילו נכנסים לתוך שמן זית, מים המאפשרים לכם פשוט להירגע ולשכב על הגב, ליהנות מהשמים הכחולים.




The Masada fortress, although not immediately, but he showed its greatness. It is impossible to find words here to convey the whole gamut of surging emotions while listening to his story.

The next day, a group of Israeli students joined us, with whom we immediately became friends.

מבצר מצדה, אמנם לא מייד, אך הראה לנו את גדולתו. אי אפשר למצוא כאן מילים שיעבירו את כל מכלול הרגשות הגואים בזמן האזנה לסיפור שלו
למחרת הצטרפה אלינו קבוצה של סטודנטים ישראלים, שאיתם התיידדנו מייד.


Yad Vashem Museum in Jerusalem – after it, you want to stay alone with yourself and rethink about your whole life. Your problems seem to be nothing, an absolute trifle compared to what people survived, whose memory will remain with us forever.

מוזיאון יד ושם בירושלים – אחריו אתה רוצה להישאר לבד עם עצמך ולחשוב מחדש על כל חייך. נראה כי הבעיות שלך הן כלום, זוטה מוחלטת לעומת מה שאנשים שרדו, שזכרם יישאר איתנו לנצח.


The next day began with Mount Herzl, the story of Theodore Herzl himself and his family. I never even thought that the whole family could leave like this without leaving any descendants.

   היום למחרת החל בהר הרצל, סיפורו של תיאודור הרצל ומשפחתו. אף פעם לא חשבתי איך כל המשפחה יכולה להעלם ככה מבלי להשאיר צאצאים.

On the observation field of Jerusalem                                                                                                                                                                                                                      בשדה התצפית של ירושלים

The Jerusalem market of Mahane Yehuda deserves a separate article. With his flavor, he remained in my memory as a place in which you can spend the whole day without having time to buy everything that was on your list, because there is so much that is unusual. 30 minutes only one way walking, people who walk in front of you, suddenly meeting a friend, just standing in the middle and start a conversation …

השוק הירושלמי מחנה יהודה ראוי לכתבה נפרדת. על שלל טעמיו, הוא נשאר בזכרוני כמקום בו אתה יכול לבלות את כל היום בלי שיהיה לך זמן לקנות את כל מה שהיה ברשימה שלך, כי יש כל כך הרבה דברים יוצאי דופן. 30 דקות הליכה רק לכיוון אחד, אנשים שהולכים לפניך, פתאום פוגשים חבר, פשוט נעמדים באמצע ומתחילים בשיחה …

The western Wall, talking with her, leaving a note, the atmosphere of this place – all of this is indescribable.

     הכותל המערבי, הדיבור איתו, השארת הפתק, האווירה של המקום הזה – כל זה לא ניתן לתאור.

The story about the history of Sabbath, the lighting of candles is a mandatory. Knowing history and traditions is very helpful.

According to the Torah, Sabbath was gifted to the Jewish people in the desert after leaving Egypt.
According to Jewish tradition, Sabbath comes with sunset on Friday, but 18 minutes before sunset, the mistress of the house should light Saturday candles and read the blessing. From this moment until the end of Saturday you can’t work. On Sabbath it is impossible to perform such types of work as: sewing, building, tearing toilet paper, kneading dough and baking bread products ..).
On the Sabbath, we set a tablecloth on the table, put two lighted candles (there may be more candles for each family member, but not less than two) and put two challahs (bread baked in the form of a braid) – which symbolizes a double portion of manna.
Also, do not forget about the special hand washing on Sabbath – you need to rinse the right and left hands three times in turn with a special bucket.

We accompany Sabbath with prayers of havdalah, thanks to which we separate the Sabbath from the rest of the week.

הסיפור על תולדות השבת, הדלקת נרות היא בגדר חובה. הכרת ההיסטוריה והמסורות מועילה מאוד.
על פי התורה, השבת ניתנה לעם היהודי במתנה במדבר לאחר שעזבו את מצרים.
על פי המסורת היהודית, השבת מגיעה עם השקיעה ביום שישי, אך 18 דקות לפני השקיעה, האישה הבית צריכה להדליק את נרות השבת ולקרוא את הברכה. מרגע זה ועד סוף שבת אתה לא יכול לעבוד. בשבת אי אפשר לבצע עבודות כמו: תפירה, בנייה, קריעת נייר טואלט, לישה של בצק ואפיית מוצרי לחם ..), השבת הנחנו שני נרות דולקים (ייתכן שיהיו יותר נרות לכל בן משפחה, אך לא פחות משניים) ושמנו שתי חלות (לחם אפוי בצורה של צמה) – שמסמל מנה כפולה של המן.
כמו כן, אל תשכחו מנטילת הידיים המיוחדת בשבת – עליכם לשטוף את הידיים הימנית והשמאלית שלוש פעמים בתורן עם דלי מיוחד.
אנו מלווים את השבת בתפילת הבדלה שבזכותה אנו מפרידים את השבת משאר השבוע.

Group classes that help to get to know each member of our group even better.

      שיעורי קבוצה שעוזרים לנו להכיר עוד יותר טוב את כל אחד מחברי הקבוצה שלנו.


Morning tour of the Old City – a place whose history dates back several centuries, a place where excavations are still ongoing and there are more and more new things.

  סיור בוקר בעיר העתיקה – מקום שההיסטוריה שלו מתארכת כמה מאות שנים, מקום בו חפירות עדיין נמשכות ויש עוד ועוד דברים חדשים.

Armon Hanatsiv neighborhood at night – colorful.

          שכונת ארמון הנציב בלילה – צבעוני.


The next day found us on the way to Caesarea – an ancient city on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. Everything is amazingly beautiful and leaves its mark on everyone.

     למחרת מצאנו  את עצמנו בדרך לקיסריה – עיר עתיקה על שפת הים התיכון. הכל יפה להפליא ומשאיר את חותמו על כולם.


Tiberias and hotel stop, view to the sea of galilee from the room – what else can you dream of?

טבריה ועצירה במלון , נוף לכנרת מהחדר – על מה עוד אפשר לחלום?



The city of Safed in the next morning. 900 meters above sea level, ancient houses (in which the descendants of the descendants of the first inhabitants live), an atmosphere of friendliness, fruitful trees growing practically in the stones.

העיר צפת בבוקר שלמחרת. 900 מטר מעל פני הים, בתים עתיקים (בהם חיים הצאצאים של צאצאי התושבים הראשונים), אווירה ידידותיות, עצים פרי צומחים ממש באבנים.


Kayaks sailing along the Jordan River  are exactly what was needed for even closer proximity. It was necessary to row in turns, it was needed to adapt to the rest. We did well-coordinated work, and as a result we got a smooth descent to the shore.

הפלגה על קיאקים לאורך נהר הירדן – הם בדיוק מה שנדרש כדי לגבש אותנו עוד יותר. היה צורך לחתור בתורות, היה צורך להסתגל לשאר. עשינו עבודות מתואמות היטב, וכתוצאה מכך הגענו בירידה חלקה לחוף.

In one of Tel Aviv parks. Walking to the center of “Taglit”, getting to know those who helped to make this trip. A farewell dinner.

    באחד הפארקים בתל אביב. הולכים למרכז “תגלית”, מתוודעים לאלה שעזרו לבצע את הטיול הזה. ארוחת פרידה.

In the picture, the bottom row, from left to right: Irina Ozerova, Elena Kosarikhina, Victoria Asoskova
Top row: Maria Belostotskaya, Anna Semko, Yulia Seroshtan
Last morning in Israel and swimming in the sea. Morning bathing gives positive energies for the whole day.

A quick lunch and departure, which was accompanied by long parting words of all members of the group, hugs, promises to call up and meet.

Thanks to this trip, I was able to understand myself, to understand what I want from life.

Irina Ozerova, Moscow

בתמונה, השורה התחתונה, משמאל לימין: אירינה אוזרובה, אלנה קוסאריחינה, ויקטוריה אסוסקובה
השורה העליונה: מריה בלוסטוצקאיה, אנה סמקו, יוליה סרושטן
בוקר אחרון בישראל ושחייה בים. רחצה בבוקר מעניקה אנרגיות חיוביות לכל היום.
ארוחת צהריים ויציאה מהירה, שלוו במילות פרידה ארוכות של כל חברי הקבוצה, חיבוקים, הבטחות להתקשר ולהיפגש.
בזכות הטיול הזה הצלחתי להבין את עצמי ומה אני רוצה מהחיים.
אירינה אוזרובה, מוסקבה
A word from the editor 

Last week, I was walking along in Tel Aviv, on the corner of the pedestrian streets Nahalat Benyamin and HaShomer, near the “Carmel market”, I saw a group of young lads standing next to the old building, I understood immediately that they are from Taglit program. It was clear that their journey was over, I heard someone suggest that everyone give a clap of hand to Ilya, standing next to the guide. I asked where they came from. Irina answered, as they were already on the move towards the street of Allenby, I wrote down her info, suggesting upon returning home to share her impressions of the trip. And a few days later I received her story, which was written with great warmth and love for Israel. After a while it will be translated into English and Hebrew and also posted on the site. I suggest that other members of this group, former and future Taglit members, send their memories, good pictures, and write on other topics as well.

Repeated meetings with participants of the Taglit program and photo stories gave me one idea that I would like to realize together with you in about a year. I invite the most active people to cooperate. Do not forget about the importance of supporting the site, which will contribute to the implementation of a number of projects and good deeds. 

Below you can see my shots.  

דברים מפי העורך
בשבוע שעבר טיילתי בתל אביב, בפינת המדרחוב נחלת בנימין והשומר, בסמוך ל”שוק הכרמל “, ראיתי חבורה של חברה צעירים עומדים ליד מבנה ישן, הבנתי מיד שהם מפרוייקט תגלית. היה ברור שהמסע שלהם נגמר, שמעתי מישהו מציע לכולם למחוא כפיים לאיליה, שעמד ליד המדריך. שאלתי מאיפה הם באו. אירינה ענתה, בהיותם כבר בדרכם לרחוב אלנבי, רשמתי את הפרטים שלה, והצעתי לה, אחרי שתחזור הביתה לשתף את רשמיה מהטיול. וכמה ימים אחר כך קיבלתי את הסיפור שלה,  שנכתב בחום ובאהבה רבה לישראל. כעבור זמן מה, הסיפור יתורגם לאנגלית ועברית ויפורסם גם באתר. אני מציע לחברים אחרים בקבוצה הזו, חברי תגלית לשעבר ובעתיד, לשלוח את הזיכרונות שלהם, תמונות טובות ולכתוב גם על נושאים אחרים.

פגישות חוזרות ונשנות עם משתתפי תכנית תגלית וסיפורים עם תמונות נתנו לי רעיון אחד שהייתי רוצה להגשים יחד איתכם בעוד כשנה. אני מזמין את האנשים הפעילים ביותר לשתף פעולה. אל תשכחו מהחשיבות של התמיכה באתר, שתתרום ליישום מספר פרויקטים ומעשים טובים.

למטה אתם יכולים לראות את הצילומים שלי.

The group departs from the old building at the corner of Nahalat Benyamin and HaShomer streets, which, as I understand it is the center for the collection of Taglit members, in the direction of  Allenby street. Irina in the front.

                               הקבוצה יוצאת מהמבנה הישן בפינת הרחובות נחלת בנימין והשומר, שכפי שאני מבין שהוא המרכז איסוף של חברי תגלית, לכיוון רחוב אלנבי. אירינה מלפנים.



Ilya Emaev thanks to the guide Max Isikson on behalf of the group. Farewell on the  Allenby street, before returning home.

       איליה ימייב מודה למדריך מקס איסקסון בשם הקבוצה. פרידה ברחוב אלנבי, לפני החזרה הביתה.

Irina on  Allenby street. August 14, 15:23 – 15:28

      אירינה ברחוב אלנבי. 14 באוגוסט 15:23 – 15:28

 Translation from original in Russian by Igor Shustin
תרגום מרוסית במקור מאת איגור שוסטין
Published on 08.24.2019 20:58      פורסם ב 08/08/2019 20:58

More publications about Taglit program:                              עוד פרסומים על פרוייקט תגלית

New Taglit meetings (June – July 2019) / (פגישות חדשות בתגלית (יוני – יולי 2019

Taglit in Tel Aviv, August 2018 / תגלית בתל אביב, אוגוסט 2018

«Марш жизни» в Тель-Авиве / מצעד למען החיים» בתל אביב»

ב-1 למאי התקיים המצעד השנתי של עמותת ״אביב לניצולי השואה״ שנועד להזדהות עם ניצולי השואה, לזכור את הגיבורים ששרדו, להושיט להם יד ולהעלות מודעות לזכויותיהם. המצעד נפתח בעצרת ברחבת ״הבימה״, בהשתתפות מאות ובהם גם שגרירת גרמניה בישראל

כמידי שנה, פתח את אירועי יום הזיכרון לשואה ולגבורה, ה”מצעד למען החיים” – מצעד תמיכה והזדהות עם ניצולי השואה, שהתקיים  ב-1.5.19 בשעה 17:00, רגע לפני כניסת יום הזיכרון לשואה ולגבורה. עמותת ״אביב לניצולי השואה״ עורכת את המצעד זו השנה השביעית, במטרה לזכור את הגיבורים ששרדו את התופת, להעלות את המודעות הציבורית למצבם, להושיט להם יד ולסייע להם.

המצעד נפתח בעצרת בכיכר הבימה בהשתתפות מאות ובהם ניצולי שואה, תלמידי תיכון, חניכי תנועות נוער, חברי כנסת, אנשי ציבור ושגרירת גרמניה בישראל, ד”ר סוזנה ואזום ריינר. את העצרת הנחה זו השנה השביעית השחקן אורי גוטליב.

עו”ד אביבה סילברמן, מייסדת עמותת אביב לניצולי השואה, פנתה בקריאה לממשלת ישראל: “עם השבעתה של הכנסת ה-21, עבור ניצולי השואה שעון החול הולך ואוזל. הם אינם יכולים לחכות לקדנציה נוספת. כ-200 אלף ניצולי שואה חיים בישראל, כ-50 אלף מהם חיים בעוני וכ-10,000 ניצולי שואה עריריים. כדי לחלץ את ניצולי השואה ממעגל העוני, יש להגיע להסכמה חוצה מפלגות. לקראת הבחירות לכנסת העברנו לכל ראשי המפלגות, הצעה לתכנית חירום לאומית. כולי תקווה שאכן הכנסת כולה תתאחד סביב המטרה החשובה מכל – ביטחון כלכלי וחיים של כבוד לכל ניצול שואה”.

הגברת הראשונה של התיאטרון הבימה, גילה אלמגור, שהגיעה להזדהות עם ניצולי השואה, ריגשה את המשתתפים בדבריה: “קומץ הניצולים שבינינו, לכם אנו חבים חוב של כבוד! עלינו לעשות את הכל ולהעניק לכם את היכולת לחיות את שארית החיים בכבוד ובנוחם. ולמכחישי השואה באשר הם, רוצה לומר: התביישו בבורותכם, באטימות הלב ובשקר בו דבקתם. לכו למחנות המוות ובקשו סליחה על ההכחשה, על ההתעלמות, האטימות, והעיקר על שנתתם יד לאנטישמיות המרימה שוב ראש בחוצפה גדולה כל-כך”. ניצולת השואה חנה קורן, סיפרה: “הייתי התינוקת האחרונה מהקהילה היהודית שנולדה בעיר סוחוצ’וב בפולין. עם סיום המלחמה, כשחזרתי לפולין, גיליתי שכל המשפחה וכל העיר סוחוצ’וב שבה נולדתי נהרסו והושמדו. אני גאה ומאושרת שלמרות הקשיים, ילדות לא פשוטה, ענן השואה שליווה את הבית בילדותי לאורך השנים, הצלחתי להקים משפחה לתפארת”. חנה הודתה לעמותת אביב לניצולי השואה על הסיוע המקצועי והמסור שהיא ובעלה יעקב קיבלו במיצוי זכויותיהם. העצרת הסתיימה בביצוע ממרגש של השיר מיליון כוכבים של הזמרת עמית פרקש, בליווי הקלידן גיא אפרתי ומשם יצאו המשתתפים לצעדה קצרה לאורך שדרות רוטשילד בתל אביב, זה לצד זה צעדו צעירים, מבוגרים וניצולי שואה, נושאים שלטים שעליהם נכתב בין היתר “ניצולי השואה רוצים לחיות בכבוד וברווחה”.



1 мая состоялся ежегодный марш ассоциации «Авив в помощь пережившим Холокост», чтобы проявить солидарность с выжившими в Холокосте, вспомнить выживших героев, протянуть руку и повысить осведомленность об их правах. Парад открылся на митинге на площади Хабима, на котором присутствовали сотни людей, в том числе посол Германии в Израиле.

Как и каждый год, он открыл мероприятия, посвященные Дню памяти мучеников и героев Холокоста, «Маршу жизни» – маршу поддержки и солидарности с выжившими в Холокосте, который состоялся 1 мая в 17:00, незадолго до Дня памяти жертв Холокоста и героизма. Организация «Авив за выживших в Холокосте» организует парад уже седьмой год, чтобы вспомнить героев, которые выжили в аду, чтобы привлечь внимание общественности к их ситуации, протянуть руку и помочь им.

Марш прошел на площади Хабима с участием сотен людей, в том числе переживших Холокост, учеников старших классов, членов молодежных движений, членов Кнессета, общественных деятелей и посла Германии в Израиле доктора Сюзанны Вазум Райнер. Ведущим церемонии седьмой год подряд был артист Ури Готлиб.

Адвокат Авива Сильверман, основатель ассоциации «Авив в помощь пережившим Холокост», обратилась к израильскому правительству с призывом: «С присягой 21-го Кнессета для жертв Холокоста истекают песочные часы. Они не могут ждать следующей каденции. Около 200 000 человек, переживших Холокост, живут в Израиле, около 50 000 из которых живут в бедности, и около 10 000 человек из них одиноки. Чтобы вытащить переживших Холокост из состояния бедности, необходимо достичь межпартийного соглашения. Перед выборами в Кнессет мы представили всем партийным лидерам предложение о национальном чрезвычайном плане. Я надеюсь, что весь Кнессет объединится вокруг самой важной цели – экономической безопасности и достойной жизни для каждого, кто пережил Холокост».

Ведущая актриса театра Габима, Гила Альмагор, которая приехала, чтобы отождествить себя с пережившими Холокост, возбудила участников своим выступлением: «Мы в долгу перед горсткой выживших среди нас! И должны сделать все и дать вам возможность прожить остаток жизни с достоинством и комфортом. Я хочу сказать и отрицателям Холокоста, где бы они не были: «Стыдитесь своего невежества, непроницаемости сердца и лжи, за которую вы цеплялись. Отправляйтесь в лагеря смерти и попросите прощения за отрицание, за пренебрежение, непрозрачность и самое главное, что вы протянули руку антисемитизму, который снова поднимает голову с такой наглостью». Выжившая в Холокосте Хана Корен рассказала: «Я была последним ребенком из еврейской общины, который родился в городе Сохачев в Польше, и когда в конце войны я вернулась в Польшу, то обнаружила, что вся семья была уничтожена и весь город Сохачев был разрушен. Я горжусь и рада, что несмотря на трудности, непростое детство, тучу Холокоста, которая сопровождала дом в моем детстве на протяжении многих лет, я смогла создать прекрасную семью». Ханна поблагодарила ассоциацию «Авив в помощь пережившим Холокост» за профессиональную и самоотверженную помощь, которую она и ее муж Яков получили. Церемония завершилась волнующим выступлением певицы Амит Фаркаш, исполнившей песню «Миллион звезд» в сопровождении клавишника Гая Эфрати, после чего участники прогулялись вдоль бульвара Ротшильдов в Тель-Авиве. Молодые люди, взрослые и пережившие Холокост маршировали вместе, держа в руках таблички с надписью: «Оставшиеся в живых после Холокоста хотят жить достойно и благополучно»


Депутат кнессета Йорай Лаав-Херциано / חבר הכנסת יוראי להב הרצנו 

Посол Германии в Израиле доктор Сюзанна Вазум Райнер / שגרירת גרמניה בישראל, ד”ר סוזנה ואזום ריינר / German ambassador in Israel Dr. Susanne Wasum-Rainer 

Студент Еврейского университета Элиезер Говирц / סטודנט האוניברסיטה העברית אליעזר גוויררץ

Рой Леви, средняя школа “Ирони Алеф”, Тель-Авив / רוי לוי, תיכון “עירוני א”, תל אביב

Гор Тирош  /  גור טירוש

Ведущим церемонии седьмой год подряд был артист Ури Готлиб / העצרת הנחה זו השנה השביעית השחקן אורי גוטליב

Адвокат Авива Сильверман, основатель ассоциации “Авив” в помощь пережившим Холокост / עו”ד אביבה סילברמן, מייסדת עמותת אביב לניצולי השואה


Ведущая актриса театра Габима, Гила Альмагор / הגברת הראשונה של התיאטרון הבימה, גילה אלמגור

Хана Корен / חנה קורן


Третье поколение переживших Холокост, 18-летняя  Лиор Лейбович, средняя школа “Ирони бет”, Тель-Авив / דור שלישי ניצולי השואה, בת 18 ליאור ליבוביץי , תיכון “עירוני ב”, תל אביב

Амит Фаркаш и Гай Эфрати / עמית פרקש וגיא אפרתי

Йорай Лаав-Херциано и Хаим Родриг / להב הרצנו יוראי וחיים רודריג 

Фотографии редактора сайта Арона Шустина. Перевод текста на русский Игоря Шустина

תמונות של עורך האתר אהרון שסטין. תרגום טקסט לרוסית מאת איגור שסטין

Опубликовано 05.05.2019  04:38 / פורסם בתאריך 05/05/2019 04:38


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Interview with Alla Vainer from Ariel (2) / (ראיון עם אלה ויינר מאריאל (2

Regular readers of our site are already familiar with Alla Vainer, who gave an interview to the main editor in February 2019. As that conversation aroused a keen interest of readers, we decided to repeat 🙂 Not everyone knows how the feedback works in the Israeli Ariel municipality – we believe that it would be interesting for many.
Alla, how are things in your city?
Ariel is gradually “returning to life” after difficult elections. Residents can finally take a break from intrusive commercials, endless appeals of candidates and cross-overs on Facebook.
As I understand it, the victory in the fight for the mandate was not easy …
Yes, and now my main goal is to ensure that the voice of my voters sounded in the city council every day, and not just once every five years, so that the problems and needs of the city are not ignored.
We all love our city: those who see mostly good, and those who notice mostly bad. This is a personal view of everyone, but solving urban problems is our common cause. Therefore, I really believe that the activity of the residents of Ariel will help me to better fulfill my deputy duties. I am available to citizens by phone, on social networks, and always happy to meet in person.
The only difficulty is that are only 24 hours a day. 🙂 It is difficult for many residents to accept the fact that now I am not an employee of the municipality. My deputy work takes place on a voluntary basis, that means, is not paid. I work full time at Ariel University, and I have the opportunity to meet with residents mostly in the evenings.
I try very hard to be accessible to residents to the maximum in my free time. Social activity for me is not less important, otherwise I would not choose this path for myself.
What are you doing at Ariel University?
I am the head of the department of organization and methods, being in the framework of my job as a representative of management on quality issues, and also I manage all that is connected with the formation of the goals and objectives of the organization. In addition to the desire to fulfill my direct duties in the best possible way, I would like, using my experience in the municipal system, to strengthen cooperation between the university and the city, which can be useful to both parties and, of course, to the residents of the city.
February 2019, walking with family
My family suffers from my employment. In the morning, I am at work, and in the evening I devote almost all the time to deputy. But there is still the weekend, and then we love to take a walk,  the whole family, in the beautiful places of Israel, which our small country is so rich with.
As I try to involve citizens as much as possible in solving issues, I organized a group of residents (trying to have participants from different communities and ages) to plan summer city events together. I really hope that this group will take part in this kind of brainstorming games and in the future that other participants will join it.
On my official Facebook page I notify about each meeting of the City Council and meetings of the commissions that I’m head of. In the same place, I report on the decisions that was made, as I believe in transparency.
What are you responsible for as a deputy?
Tu Bi-Shvat, planting trees with the “Green Ariel” forum
Firstly, for any question concerning the city, residents and the work of the municipality, I accept appeals and support initiatives in various fields. For example, together with the residents of the “Green Ariel” forum, we organized a wonderful event for planting trees on the Tu Bi-Shvat holiday.
I continue to oversee the sphere of absorption – having passed the path of absorption myself, I understand how difficult this period is, and I know the importance of the right approach to this topic.
Old New Year in Ariel for New Repatriates. January 2019
February 2019, evening of Igor Guberman in Ariel
We were able to open new Hebrew teaching assistance projects in conjunction with the Ministry of Education in Ariel schools, we continue to personally support each newcomer, and we hold various cultural events for people from different countries.
with the veteran organization of Ariel, 23 of February
Also as a deputy, I am responsible for the affairs of pensioners. In the near future, we will begin work on the preparation of activities within the framework of the pensioner’s month and plan to create a “Council of Elders” in the city.
Questions of the younger generation (aged 18–35) and the youth center in the city are also under my deputy responsibility. This is a very difficult area, which is worth talking about separately later. By coincidence, the youth center was left without a leader, and first of all we began to search for a new one. Now, having found a suitable candidate, we will build together a work plan for the next three years. I have a sea of ideas, some of them I discussed with both residents and students. But for now these are ideas, not a concrete, clear plan, and I don’t want to talk about this much. My main principle – do not throw words to the wind.
Another area of activity that I decided to focus on over the next five years is youth issues. The first thing I asked myself was: “Do we know enough about these boys and girls? Do we listen to the voice of the future generation and do we relate with it? Do we know the needs of teenagers? How do we manage to satisfy them? ”
In the near future, we will conduct a comprehensive survey among teenagers to identify their real needs. The work plan for 2020 will be based on the results of the survey, and even if for one reason or another we cannot take into account all the issues raised by adolescents, I am confident that we will be able to draw up a more diverse and focused work plan.
I also drew attention to one phenomenon – the majority of municipal commissions today do not include youth representatives, and I consider this to be a big omission. We want teens to be active and caring, but do not provide a platform by which they can speak, hear and be heard. I am sure that they have something to say. With this idea, I turned to the Youth Parliament (representatives of the youth acting in the youth department of the municipality. The youth chooses the guys through democratic elections. They have their own page, as well an Instagram – noar.ariel) – it turns out that they would like very much to take an active part in the life of the city and will be happy to become members of city commissions. Mayor Eli Shviro supported the idea, and in the coming days, the guys will receive official appointments.
Another step towards improving urban services for adolescents is a smartphone application from the youth department that is already under development. We hope it will be launched soon.
interview by Aaron Shustin (Petach Tikva)
Translation from original in russian by Igor Shustin
From the editor of belisrael.info
1. We invite other deputies of the municipal councils of Israel (Russian-speaking, Hebrew-speaking – it does not matter) to talk about their work on our website.
2. The picture with Igor Guberman, in which I recognized Mikhael Riskin on the right, reminded me of a very ugly story. Early on April 18, on Facebook, I received a long Hebrew text with a recommendation to check my account, for which I had to click on the link. First of all I decided to see who the sender was and came to his page. It turned out an Israeli musician, graduated from the Academy of Music, toured in Russia and other countries. I couldn’t assume in any way that the setup was carried out and, as soon as I followed the link, my page was hacked. That day I had to leave in the morning, and, returning home, after 3 hours. Received a message in Russian and English, that my page is blocked and in order to access it, you need to change your password. There were made numerous attempts within a few weeks, as well as sending my passport to the Facebook scan, were not successful, as well as requests for various mails that lasted a couple of months Facebook did not react. And then I began to search the Internet for more information about Riskin and why he sent me the message. Soon I discovered that he was not only a musician, but also a translator, and by the request of the famous functionary Leonid Litinetsky from the Liberman party “Israel Our Home” made a translation of the Guberman book into Hebrew. And then everything became clear, the destruction of my Facebook page was necessary first of all to such people as Sofa Landver, who had long-term business and friendly relations with the recidivist fraud Grigory Lerner, her sister Nona from the family fraudulent company opened by her in late summer 1994 “Dr. Nona”, which I had to face tightly from the beginning of 1995 and, having traveled a long way for a number of years, to understand the whole “charm of wonderful opportunities for international business for everyone”, which was spoken about many times in ancient times, then I spoke to Nona’s husband, the company’s president, Misha Schneerson, talks to which I received threats in response, and also periodically wrote about them in various forums and Facebook in recent years, Litinetsky and the entire IOH party, was nicknamed, after Liberman’s visit in late December 2011 to Putin, the Israeli branch of United Russia – the party of crooks and thieves, when he praised him for the “fair and democratic elections” in the State Duma.

  From founder and administrator of the site: Do not forget about the importance of supporting the site

 11:Published April 05, 2019 19

הקוראים הרגילים של האתר שלנו כבר מכירים את אלה ויינר, שהעניקה ראיון לעורך הראשי בחודש פברואר 2019. היות והשיחה הזו עוררה עניין רב בקרב הקוראים, החלטנו לחזור לעוד ראיון. לא כולם יודעים איך עובד המשוב בעיריית אריאל – אנחנו מאמינים שזה יעניין רבים.
אלה, אז מה נשמע בעיר שלך?
אריאל “חוזרת לחיים” בהדרגה לאחר בחירות קשות. התושבים יכולים סוף סוף לקחת הפסקה מהפרסומות הפולשניות, פניות אינסופיות של המועמדים והמריבות בפייסבוק.
כפי שאני מבין את זה, הניצחון במאבק על המנדט לא היה קל …
כן, ועכשיו המטרה העיקרית שלי היא להבטיח שהקול של הבוחרים שלי יישמע במועצת העיר כל יום, ולא רק פעם אחת כל חמש שנים, כדי שלא יתעלמו מהבעיות והצרכים של העיר.
כולנו אוהבים את העיר שלנו: אלה שרואים בעיקר טוב, ואלה שמבחינים בעיקר ברע. זוהי השקפה אישית של כולם, אבל פתרון בעיות עירוניות היא המכנה המשותף שלנו. לכן, אני מאוד מאמינה שפעילותם של תושבי אריאל תעזור לי למלא טוב יותר את תפקידי. אני זמינה לאזרחים בטלפון, ברשתות החברתיות ותמיד שמחה להפגש פנים אל פנים.
הקושי היחיד הוא שיש רק 24 שעות ביממה .. קשה לתושבים רבים לקבל את העובדה שאני עכשיו לא עובדת של העירייה. עבודתי בעירייה מתבצעת על בסיס התנדבותי, כלומר, ללא תשלום. אני עובדת במשרה מלאה באוניברסיטת אריאל, ויש לי הזדמנות להיפגש עם תושבים בעיקר בערבים.
אני משתדלת מאוד להיות נגישה לתושבים עד למקסימום בזמני החופשי. הפעילות החברתית שלי חשובה לא פחות, אחרת לא הייתי בוחרת בדרך הזאת לעצמי.
מה אתה עושה באוניברסיטת אריאל?
אני מנהלת את המחלקה לארגון ושיטות, במסגרת עבודתי אני נציגה של ההנהלה בנושאי איכות, ועליי גם לנהל את כל הקשור ליצירת מטרות ויעדים של הארגון. בנוסף לרצון למלא את תפקידי הישירים באופן הטוב ביותר, הייתי רוצה, באמצעות ניסיוני במערכת המוניציפלית, לחזק את שיתוף הפעולה בין האוניברסיטה לבין העיר, דבר שיועיל לשני הצדדים, וכמובן לתושבי העיר.
פברואר 2019, טיול עם המשפחה
המשפחה שלי סובלת מהעבודה שלי. בבוקר אני בעבודה, ובערב אני מקדישה כמעט את כל הזמני לעירייה. אבל תמיד יש את סוף השבוע, ואז אנחנו אוהבים, כל המשפחה לטייל במקומות היפים של ישראל, שבהם המדינה הקטנה שלנו כל כך עשירה.
בגלל שאני מנסה לערב אזרחים ככל הניתן בפתרון בעיות, ארגנתי קבוצה של תושבים (ניסיתי, שהמשתתפים יהיו נציגים מקהילות וגילאים שונים) לתכנן את אירועי הקיץ בעיר ביחד. אני מאוד מקווה שהקבוצה הזאת תשתתף בסיעור מוחות שכזה ובעתיד ישתתפו בה משתתפים אחרים.
בדף הפייסבוק הרשמי שלי אני מודיעה על כל פגישה של מועצת העיר ומפגשי פיקוח שאני בראשם. באותו מקום, אני מדווחת על ההחלטות, מפני שאני מאוד מאמינה בשקיפות.
על מה את אחראית במועצת העיר?
ט”ו בשבט, נטיעת עצים בפורום “גרין אריאל”
ראשית, על כל שאלה הנוגעת לעיר, לתושבים ולעבודת העירייה, אני מקבלת ערעורים ויוזמות תמיכה בתחומים שונים. כך, למשל, יחד עם פורום גרין אריאל של התושבים, אירגנו אירוע נפלא לנטיעת עצים לחג ט”ו בשבט.
אני ממשיכה לפקח על תחום הקליטה – לאחר שעברתי את תהליך הקליטה בעצמי, אני מבינה עד כמה קשה תקופה זו, ואני יודעת את החשיבות של הגישה הנכונה לנושא זה.
ראש השנה החדשה הישן באריאל. ינואר 2019
פברואר 2019, ערב איגור גוברמן באריאל
הצלחנו לפתוח פרויקטים חדשים של סיוע בלימוד עברית בשיתוף עם משרד החינוך בבתי הספר באריאל, אנו ממשיכים לתמוך אישית בכל אחד מהעולים, ואנו עורכים אירועים תרבותיים שונים לאנשים מארצות שונות.
23 בפברואר עם הארגון הוותיקים של אריאל
כחברה במועצת העיר, אני אחראית לענייני הפנסיונרים. בעתיד הקרוב נתחיל לעבוד על הכנת פעילויות במסגרת “חודש הפנסיונר” ותכנון להקים “מועצת זקנים” בעיר.

שאלות של הדור הצעיר (בגילאי 18-35) ומרכז הנוער בעיר נמצאים גם תחת אחריותי. זהו אזור מאוד קשה, שראוי לדבר עליו מאוחר יותר. במקרה, מרכז הנוער נשאר ללא מנהיג, ובראש ובראשונה התחלנו לחפש מנהיג חדש. עכשיו, לאחר שמצאנו מועמד מתאים, נבנה יחד תוכנית עבודה לשלוש השנים הקרובות. יש לי ים של רעיונות, על חלקם שוחחתי עם התושבים והתלמידים. אבל בינתיים אלה רעיונות, ולא תוכנית ברורה, ואני לא רוצה לדבר על זה הרבה. אני לא רוצה סתם לזרוק מילים לאוויר.

תחום פעילות נוסף שהחלטתי להתמקד בו בחמש השנים הקרובות הוא סוגיית הנוער. הדבר הראשון ששאלתי את עצמי היה: “האם אנחנו יודעים מספיק על הבחורים והבנות האלה? האם אנו מקשיבים לקולו של הדור הבא והאם אנו מעריכים אותו? האם אנו יודעים את הצרכים של בני נוער? כמה אנחנו מצליחים לספק אותם? ”

בעתיד הקרוב נערוך סקר מקיף בקרב בני הנוער על מנת לזהות את צרכיהם האמיתיים. תכנית העבודה לשנת 2020 תתבסס על תוצאות הסקר, וגם אם מסיבה זו או אחרת לא נוכל לקחת בחשבון את כל הסוגיות שהעלו המתבגרים, אני משוכנעת שנוכל ליצור תכנית עבודה מגוונת וממוקדת יותר.

הפניתי תשומת לב לתופעה אחת מסויימת – רוב הוועדות המוניציפליות כיום אינן כוללות נציגי נוער, ואני רואה בכך מחדל גדול. אנחנו רוצים שהנערים יהיו פעילים ואכפתיים, אבל לא סיפקו להם  פלטפורמה שבאמצעותה הם יכולים לדבר, לשמוע ולהישמע. אני בטוחה שיש להם משהו להגיד. עם הרעיון הזה פניתי לפרלמנט הנוער (נציגי הנוער הפועל במחלקת הנוער של העירייה, את החברה בוחר הנוער בבחירות דמוקרטיות, יש להם עמוד משלהם, וכמו כן גם באינסטגרם – noar.ariel) – התברר שהם היו מאוד רוצים לקחת חלק פעיל בחייה של העיר וישמחו להיות חברי ועדות בעיר. ראש העיר, אלי שבירו, תומך ברעיון, ובימים הקרובים יקבלו החבר’ה מינוים רשמיים.

צעד נוסף לקראת שיפור השירותים העירוניים למתבגרים הוא אפליקציית סמארטפון ממחלקת הנוער שכבר נמצאת בפיתוח. אנו מקווים שזה יושק בקרוב.

(ריאיין, אהרון שוסטין (פתח תקווה

תרגום מרוסית במקור מאת איגור שסטין



מעורך belisrael.info
1). אנו מזמינים נציגים אחרים של מועצת העיר (דוברי רוסית, דוברי עברית – זה לא משנה) לדבר על עבודתם באתר האינטרנט שלנו.
2). התמונה עם איגור גוברמן , שבה זיהיתי את מיכאל ריסקין מימין, הזכירה לי סיפור מכוער מאוד. בתחילת 18 באפריל בשנה שעברה,  בפייסבוק, קיבלתי טקסט ארוך בעברית עם המלצה לבדוק את החשבון שלי, בשביל זה הייתי צריך ללחוץ על הקישור. קודם כל החלטתי לראות מי זה השולח והגעתי לדף שלו, התברר שהוא מוסיקאי ישראלי, בוגר האקדמיה למוסיקה, ביקר ברוסיה ובמדינות אחרות. לא יכולתי להניח שזה עקיצה, וברגע שלחצתי על הקישור, הדף שלי נפרץ. באותו יום נאלצתי לצאת בבוקר, וכשחזרתי הביתה, אחרי 3 שעות. קיבלתי הודעה ברוסית. ובאנגלית, כי הדף שלי חסום ועל מנת לגשת אליו, אתה צריך לשנות את הסיסמה שלך. נעשו ניסיונות רבים בתוך כמה שבועות, כמו גם שליחת הדרכון שלי לסריקה לפייסבוק, ללא הצלחה, כמו כן, נעשו בקשות למיילים שונים שנמשכו כמה חודשים. פייסבוק לא הגיבה. ואז התחלתי לחפש באינטרנט, כדי לקבל מידע נוסף על ריסקין ומדוע הוא שלח לי את ההודעה. עד מהרה גיליתי שהוא לא רק מוסיקאי, אלא גם מתרגם, ועל פי בקשתו של לאוניד ליטינצקי, ממפלגתו של ליברמן, ישראל ביתנו, עשה תרגום לספר של גוברמן לעברית. ואז הכל התבהר, ההשבתה של העמוד שלי היה הכרחי קודם כל לאנשים כמו סופה לנדבר, שלה הייתה מערכת יחסים ארוכה של עבודה וידידות עם הרמאי גרישה לרנר, אחותה נונה מחברת ההונאות המשפחתית שנפתחה על ידה בסוף הקיץ 1994 “ד”ר נונה”, שאיתה נתקלתי מתחילת 1995, ולאחר שעברתי בה דרך ארוכה במשך מספר שנים, הבנתי את “קסם ההזדמנויות הנפלאות של עסקים בינלאומיים לכל אחד“, על זה התבטאתי פעמים רבות בימי קדם, דיברתי עם בעלה של נונה, נשיא החברה, מישה שנארסון, דיבורים שעליהם קיבלתי איומים בתגובה, וכתבתי עליהם מדי פעם בפורומים שונים ובפייסבוק בשנים האחרונות, ליטנצקי ומפלגת ישראל ביתנו כולה, שזכתה לכינוי, לאחר ביקורו של ליברמן אצל פוטין בסוף דצמבר 2011, הסניף הישראלי של רוסיה המאוחדת – מפלגת הנוכלים והגנבים, כאשר שיבח אותו על ” הבחירות הכנות והדמוקרטיות” בדומא.
ממייסד ומנהל האתר:
אל תשכחו את החשיבות של התמיכה האתר


פורסם ב אפריל 05, 2019 19:11

An interview with Alla Vainer from Ariel / ראיון עם אלה ויינר מאריאל

 I first heard about Alla several months before the last Israeli municipal elections held on October 30 last year, when paying attention to how the election campaign in Ariel is going. At  the same time we agreed for an interview.
Please tell about your family, your roots.
I was Born in 1984 in Odessa, in the family of Alexander and Lyudmila Safransky. My father is a mechanical engineer by education, a native of Odessa, the son of dentists Arkady and Bella. Grandfather Arkady grew up in Moldavanka in a rather religious Jewish family, he graduated from a Jewish school and, unfortunately, died before I was born. Grandma Bella grew up in a more secular family, repatriated to Israel and retains an excellent sense of humor in her 90s. I wish her many more years and good health.
The grandfather fought against the fascists and had the Order of the Red Star among his awards, reached the Kursk Bulge and was wounded. My grandmother was in the evacuation with her family, and from an early age she worked because she was the eldest daughter in the family.
My mother, a philologist by education, was born in the city of Kramatorsk (Donetsk region) in the family of Victor and Claudia. Mother’s father, grandfather Vitsya, a man of the old school, who fought on the front line, but never boasted of it, worked all of his life on physical jobs, but never complained and always found the strength to play with his grandchildren. Grandma Klava knew firsthand what is dispossession, during the war, participated in the partizan movement and cooked the most delicious borsch in the world. Unfortunately, grandfather Vitya and grandmother Klava are no longer with us.
With mother Lyuda, Odessa 1985                                       In the Odessa Zoo 1987
After marriage, my mother devoted all of her free time to my education and creating a warm atmosphere in the house. In the early 1990s, my father became involved in business and was a co-founder of a small tar sheets plant. The family has never been rich, rather belonged to the middle class.

First grade 1991                                    Odessa, Chanuka 1995, Alla is the second from right
The Theater of opera, Odessa 1989, Alla with grandmother Bella Israeli. Independence day 1994
Despite the fact that I was brought up at home before going to school, I grew up to be a very active and sociable child. Easily acquainted with children and loved society. At  preschool age I visited the Studio of Aesthetic Education, from birth I spent a lot of time in the fresh air and, of course, on the sea. At the age of 7 I went to the 1st grade of the 69th school, attended various circles and sections. From the age of 8 I played in the theatrical circle “Fairy Tale” at the Center for Jewish Culture in Odessa. The family honored and respected Jewish traditions; not being religious people, my parents always celebrated all Jewish holidays. Therefore, neither the post of Yom Kipur, nor the matzoh on Pesach, nor the apples with honey on Rosh Hashanah, upon their arrival in Israel, were a wonder.
In what year did you end up in Israel, how did life begin in a new country?
The parents, Lyuda and Sasha, Bat Yam, 1997
In 1997, the family repatriated to Israel. I was 12 and my parents were 40 years old. We arrived in the city of Bat Yam. A real estate broker brought us to Bat Yam, whom Dad’s brother and my uncle (who came to Israel for a whole 3 years earlier) turned to. The apartment cost 550 dollars a month, for that period it was not cheap at all, and only years later we realized that we paid good money for a “barn” in the Amidar area (where almost all the housing was social). In addition, the broker charged us for each year of the extension of the contract commission in the amount of a monthly fee, and then, after moving out, we found out that he was not a broker, but the landlord of the apartment. This and many other tricks were common in those years.
Mother and father went to the ulpan, but did not finish it, because it was necessary to earn money. I went to school and matured very quickly. My father started having health problems, my mother, who did not work a single day after marriage, went out for cleaning. Father Sasha also worked on clean-ups, as his Hebrew, naturally, was at a very low level. He cleaned in the building of the municipality of Tel Aviv and always laughed, saying that he never thought that after coming to Israel he would immediately get a position at the mayor’s office. And I, who quickly grabbed the language, had to become responsible for my family. After 2 years, my dad was gone, and at 14 I was left alone with my mother Lyuda.
I would like to hear a little about school and about your husband.
With friends from school, Bat Yam, 1998                       Class trip (Ramot high school), 2001
After graduating from junior school, I successfully entered the fairly prestigious High School “Ramot” in Bat Yam and graduated from it in 2003 with a full diploma , passing 5 units of English, Russian, physics and French. After graduating from school, I was called to the army for the border troops and served on the border with Jordan at the checkpoint “Allenby bridge”. In 2005, I was demobilized as a sergeant and in the same year moved with my mother to the city of Ariel, where I entered the university in the economics department.
Army service                                                                    Alla receives the rank of sergeant, 2005
Alla and Uri, 2004                                                                             Alla and Uri, 2018
Elinor, 2009                                                              Uri with the children: Elinor and Lidor, 2016.
With children, 2017                                                    Family, 2018.
Elinor and Lidor, 2018                          Alla with children and grandmother Bella, 2018
Alla with her mother Lyuda, 2017
Elinor (left) 1st place, 2018              Ariel Competition, 2019
While still a student of the 10th grade, I met Uri Vainer, who served in the Israeli Air Force, and this first love turned into a strong marriage. In 2006, we got married, today we have two wonderful children. The eldest daughter, Elinor, was born in 2009, and the youngest, Lidor, in March 2016. Elinor is our athlete, she has been involved in artistic gymnastics since the age of 2.5, and has often taken first places in competitions in Israel and abroad, including the Israeli Championship. We are very proud of her, and in general, children are the best that we have.
My husband and I both consider it important to receive education and continuous self-development. Therefore, we are eternal students :). In 2008 I received the 1st degree in economics and management. Then Uri went to study engineering as a production engineer. After receiving the first degree, he continued his studies at the second in business management, and today works as a production director at the Spiral enterprise (glass products). I continued my studies at the second academic degree in 2017 and entered the faculty of public administration and political science at Bar-Ilan University.
When and How you start  working in Ariel?
In 2009, I started working in the municipality of Ariel as head of the mayor’s office (then it was the legendary Ron Nachman). In 2013, Ron Nachman died of a serious illness, Eli Shviro became mayor. In 2015, I was appointed head of the department for absorption and public projects. From childhood I was not indifferent to social activities, I was engaged in volunteering since I was 14 years old, I joined a group of volunteers in emergency situations, and always had a clear civil position. With my right-wing views, I immediately joined the IOH ( Israel Our Home ) party after the army, and was its activist in the city, but rather quickly became disillusioned and realized that it was not a liberal and democratic party. It also became clear that where there is naked populism, there will never be real deals. A long period I was without a party, but stayed true to the right views. In 2014, I joined the Likud party and in 2017, together with my colleague, created the movement “Unified Ariel”. The goal of this movement is to increase political activity among the younger generation. There was no thoughts about the political career at the municipal level, but over the years in the municipality, I earned the name of an honest, responsible and not indifferent person. Residents of the city often turned to me with questions that were not directly related to my work, and I always sought to help.
After winning the election. In the enter Mayor Eli Shviro
Eli Shviro with activists. On the wright Isabella Gorbatova, born in Bobruisk, 
In 2018, before the municipal elections, more and more residents of the city, as well as colleagues, began to offer me to try my hand at politics. Upon reflection, I decided to respond, especially by that time I managed to finish the 2nd degree in public administration and political science at Bar-Ilan University. And in the proposal of the mayor to join his team, I saw a chance to reach a new level, get more influence on what is happening in the city, as well as the opportunity to promote more ambitious projects for the development of the city, for the benefit of its residents. So, in the last election in Ariel, I was number 3 in the list of Eli Shviro, besides that I headed his election headquarters. Having won the elections and became a deputy of the City Council, I took under my own responsibility issues of teenagers, youth, pensioners and absorption, and also became a member of the board of directors of the city company Gvanim Ariel.
Tell me a little about the city. How can it, apart from a good climate and that is located three dozen kilometers from Tel Aviv, attract new repatriates?
I can talk about this for a very long time. I fell in love with this city and, like everyone in love, tend to idealize it. But more seriously and briefly, we have an unusual atmosphere, some people are very open and everyone gets along, respects each other, although they belong to different communities. In addition, in Ariel we have a high level of education, lots of circles and urban cultural events for both adults and children, and most importantly – the experience of receiving and integrating new repatriates, accumulated over the years.
But after all, not all was well during the last municipal elections (in the autumn of 2018). Moreover, even after summing up, an appeal was made to the High Court, and repeated elections were held at three polling stations. What would you say about that?
That period was very hard and tense. I headed the campaign headquarters for the first time and ran for the first time. Our cozy town was filled with negativity, and in social networks the activists of some candidates shamelessly vilified their opponents. When the arguments were over, insults were followed and taken over to personal notes. I believed in our victory, we came to it with dignity and deservedly. Unfortunately, not everyone is able to accept defeat, and one of the candidates (from IOH) filed a lawsuit about violations. I will not blame anyone; I want to believe that the cause of it was technical deficiencies ( talking about careless protocol ) that is in the human factor. The only reason for which the mayor Eli Shviro, whose team I belong to, decided to challenge the lawsuit, is to avoid the extra expenses of the state budget. We understood that the victory would be ours, since the people had their say and trusted Eli. And this is what happened. The court decided that re-election was needed, and the results showed that 69% of the voters want to see the current mayor continue as the head of the city. I am most pleased that the elections are over, that we can continue to work and promote new ideas in a pleasant and friendly atmosphere that I love so much in Ariel.
I think Alla set an example of how, after going through the difficulties of repatriation, you can become happy in your personal life, succeed in work and social activities.
Interviewed by Aaron Shustin, Petah Tikva


Translation from original in russian by Igor Shustin


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 45:Published March 31, 2019 21

שמעתי לראשונה על אלה כמה חודשים לפני הבחירות המוניציפליות האחרונות שנערכו ב -30 באוקטובר בשנה שעברה, כששמנו דגש על האופן שבו מערכת הבחירות באריאל נערכת. במקביל סיכמנו על ראיון.
בבקשה תספרי על המשפחה שלך, השורשים שלך.
נולדתי בשנת 1984 באודסה, במשפחתם של אלכסנדר וליודמילה ספרנסקי. אבא שלי הוא מהנדס מכני בהשכלתו, יליד אודסה, בנם של רופאי השיניים ארקדי ובלה. סבא ארקדי גדל במולדבאנקה במשפחה יהודית דתית, הוא סיים את בית הספר היהודי, ולמרבה הצער נפטר לפני שנולדתי. סבתא בלה גדלה במשפחה חילונית יותר, עלתה לישראל ושומרת על חוש הומור מצוין בשנות ה -90 לחייה. אני מאחלת לה עוד שנים רבות ובריאות טובה.
הסבא נלחם נגד הפאשיסטים והיה לו את מסדר הכוכב האדום בין פרסיו, הגיע לקורסק ונפצע. סבתי היתה בפינוי עם משפחתה, ומגיל צעיר עבדה כי היא הייתה הבת הבכורה במשפחה.
אמי, פילולוגית בהשכלתה, נולדה בעיר קראמטורסק (דונצק) במשפחתם של ויקטור וקלאודיה. אבא של אמא, סבא ויטסיה, איש מהדור הישן, שלחם בקו החזית, אבל מעולם לא התפאר בכך, עבד כל חייו בעבודות פיזיות, אבל מעולם לא התלונן ותמיד מצא את הכוח לשחק עם הנכדים שלו. סבתא קלאווה ידעה ממקור ראשון מהו נישול, בזמן המלחמה, השתתפה בתנועת הפרטיזנים ובישלה את הבורשט הטעים ביותר בעולם. למרבה הצער, סבא ויטסיה וסבתא קלאווה כבר לא איתנו.
                          בגן החיות באודסה, 1987                                                            עם אמא ליודמילה, אודסה 1985
לאחר הנישואין הקדישה אמי את כל זמנה הפנוי לחינוך וליצירת אווירה חמה בבית. בתחילת שנות התשעים, אבא שלי היה מעורב בעסקים והיה מייסד שותף של מפעל זפת קטן. המשפחה מעולם לא היתה עשירה, אלא יותר שייכת למעמד הביניים.
כיתה א’, 1991                                           אודסה, חנוכה 1995, אלה השניה מצד ימין
בית אופרה, אודסה 1989, אלה עם סבתא בלה                             יום העצמאות של ישראל 1994
למרות שגודלתי בבית לפני שהלכתי לבית הספר, גדלתי להיות ילדה מאוד פעילה וחברותית. הכרתי בקלות ילדים ואהבתי חברה. בגיל הגן ביקרתי בסטודיו לחינוך אסתטי, מלידה ביליתי הרבה זמן באוויר הצח וכמובן בים. בגיל 7 הלכתי לכיתה א ‘של בית ספר מספר 69, השתתפתי בחוגים ובקטעים שונים. מגיל 8 שיחקתי בחוג בתיאטרון “אגדה” במרכז לתרבות יהודית באודסה. המשפחה כיבדה את המסורת היהודית. למרות שהם לא היו אנשים דתיים, הורי תמיד חגגו את כל החגים היהודיים. לכן, הם לא הופתעו עם הגעתם לישראל לא מהצום של יום כיפור, ולא מהמצות של פסח, ולא מהתפוח בדבש בראש השנה.
באיזו שנה הגעת לארץ ואיך התחילו החיים במדינה חדשה?

הורים ליודה וסשה, בת ים 1997
ב -1997 המשפחה הגיעה ארצה. הייתי בת 12 והורי היו בני 40. הגענו לעיר בת-ים. מתווך נדל”ן הביא אותנו לבת ים, שאחיו של אבא ודודי (שהגיע לישראל 3 שנים לפנינו) פנה אליו. הדירה עלתה 550 דולר לחודש, באותה תקופה זה לא היה זול בכלל, ורק כעבור שנים הבנו ששילמנו כסף טוב על “אסם “באזור של עמידר (שבו כמעט כל הדיור היה חברתי). בנוסף, המתווך גבה מאתנו על כל שנה של הארכת חוזה עמלה בסכום של תשלום חודשי, ורק לאחר מכן, לאחר שעברנו דירה, גילינו שהוא לא היה בכלל מתווך, אלא בעל הדירה. זה ועוד הרבה טריקים היו נפוצים באותן שנים.
אמא ואבא הלכו לאולפן, אבל לא סיימו, כי היה צריך להרוויח כסף. הלכתי לבית הספר והתבגרתי מהר מאוד. לאבא שלי התחילו בעיות בריאותיות, ואמא שלי, שלא עבדה יום אחד אחרי הנישואים, יצאה לעבוד בניקיון. האב סאשה עבד גם בניקיון, שכן העברית שלו, כמובן, היתה ברמה נמוכה מאוד. הוא ניקה בבניין עיריית תל אביב ותמיד צחק ואמר כי מעולם לא חשב שאחרי שיגיע ארצה הוא יתקבל מיד למשרדו של ראש העיר. ואני, שתפסתי במהירות את השפה, נאלצתי להיות אחראית על משפחתי. אחרי שנתיים, אבא שלי נפטר, ובגיל 14 נשארתי לבד עם אמי ליודה.
אני רוצה לשמוע קצת על בית הספר ועל בעלך.
עם חברים מבית הספר, בת ים 1998                                      טיול עם הכיתה (תיכון רמות), 2001
לאחר סיום הלימודים בחטיבת הביניים, התקבלתי בהצלחה לבית הספר התיכון “רמות” היוקרתי בבת ים וסיימתי אותו בשנת 2003 עם תעודת בגרות מלאה, עברתי 5 יחידות של אנגלית, רוסית, פיזיקה וצרפתית. לאחר שסיימתי את לימודי בבית הספר, נקראתי לצבא למשמר הגבול ושירתתי על הגבול עם ירדן במחסום “גשר אלנבי”. ב -2005 שוחררתי בדרגת סמלת ובאותה שנה עברתי עם אמי לעיר אריאל, שם התקבלתי לאוניברסיטה למגמת כלכלה.
עוד כשהייתי תלמידת כיתה י ‘, פגשתי את אורי ויינר, ששירת בחיל האוויר הישראלי, והאהבה הראשונה הפכה לנישואים חזקים. ב -2006 התחתנו, היום יש לנו שני ילדים נהדרים. הבת הבכורה, אלינור, נולדה ב -2009, והצעיר ביותר, לידור, במארס 2016. אלינור היא הספורטאית שלנו, היא מתאמנת בהתעמלות אומנותית מגיל 2.5, ולעתים קרובות היא לקחה מקום ראשון בתחרויות בישראל ובחו”ל, כולל אליפות ישראל. אנחנו מאוד גאים בה, ובכלל, הילדים הם הדבר הכי טוב שיש לנו.
השירות הצבאי                                                                        אלה מקבלת דרגת סמל, 2005
אלה ואורי 2004                                                                                     אלה ואורי   2018
אלינור 2009                                                                        אורי והילדים: אלינור ולידור, 2016
עם הילדים,  2017                                                                               משפחה, 2018
אלינור ולידור, 2018                              אלה עם הילדים וסבתא בלה, 2018
אלה עם אמא ליודה, 2017
אלינור (משמאל) במקום הראשון, 2018       תחרות באריאל 2019
בעלי ואני רואים בקבלת חינוך ופיתוח עצמי מתמשך כדבר חשוב ביותר. לכן, אנחנו תלמידים נצחיים :). בשנת 2008 קיבלתי תואר ראשון בכלכלה וניהול. אחר כך אורי למד הנדסה בהנדסת ייצור. לאחר קבלת התואר הראשון, הוא המשיך את לימודיו לתואר השני במנהל עסקים, וכיום עובד כמנהל הפקה במפעל ספירל (מוצרי זכוכית). אני המשכתי את לימודי במכללה האקדמית לתואר שני בשנת 2017 ונכנסתי לפקולטה למינהל ציבורי ומדעי המדינה באוניברסיטת בר-אילן.
מתי ואיך התחלת לעבוד באריאל?
בשנת 2009 התחלתי לעבוד בעיריית אריאל כראש לשכת ראש העיר (אז זה היה רון נחמן האגדי). ב -2013 רון נחמן נפטר ממחלה קשה, אלי שבירו הפך לראש העיר. בשנת 2015 מוניתי לראש המחלקה לקליטה ופרויקטים ציבוריים. מילדותי אף פעם לא הייתי אדישה לפעילות חברתית, התנדבתי מאז גיל 14, הצטרפתי לקבוצת מתנדבים במצבי חירום, ותמיד היתה לי עמדה אזרחית ברורה. עם דעותי הימניות הצטרפתי מיד אחרי הצבא למפלגת ישראל ביתנו, והייתי פעילה בעיר, אבל במהרה התפכחתי והבנתי שלא מדובר במפלגה ליברלית ודמוקרטית. התברר גם כי במקום שבו יש פופוליזם עירום, לעולם לא יהיו מקרים אמיתיים. תקופה ארוכה הייתי בלי מפלגה, אבל נשארתי נאמנה להשקפותי הימניות. בשנת 2014 הצטרפתי לליכוד ובשנת 2017, יחד עם עמיתי, יצרנו את תנועת “אריאל מתלכדת”. מטרת התנועה היא להגביר את הפעילות הפוליטית בקרב הדור הצעיר. לא היו לי מחשבות על הקריירה הפוליטית ברמה המוניציפלית, אבל במשך השנים בעירייה קיבלתי שם של אדם ישר, אחראי ולא אדיש. תושבי העיר פנו אלי לעתים קרובות בשאלות שלא היו קשורות ישירות לעבודתי, ותמיד ניסיתי לעזור.
לאחרי הזכייה בבחירות. במרכז, ראש העיר אלי שבירו

אלי שבירו עם הפעילים. איזבלה גורבטוב, ילידת בוברויסק, מימין
בשנת 2018, לפני הבחירות המוניציפליות, החלו יותר ויותר מתושבי העיר, כמו גם עמיתים לעבודה, להציע לי לנסות את ידי בפוליטיקה. לכן החלטתי להגיב, ובאותה עת הצלחתי לסיים את התואר השני במינהל הציבורי ומדעי המדינה באוניברסיטת בר-אילן. ובהצעה של ראש העיר להצטרף לצוות שלו, ראיתי הזדמנות להגיע לרמה חדשה, לקבל יותר השפעה על מה שקורה בעיר, כמו גם את ההזדמנות כדי לקדם פרויקטים שאפתניים יותר לפיתוח העיר, לטובת תושביה. אז בבחירות האחרונות באריאל הייתי מספר 3 ברשימה של אלי שבירו, חוץ מזה שעמדתי בראש מטה הבחירות שלו. לאחר שזכינו בבחירות והפכתי לסגנית מועצת העיר, לקחתי תחת אחריותי את הילדים, הנוער, הגמלאים והקליטה, וכמו כן  נהייתי חברה במועצת המנהלים של חברת העיר “גוונים אריאל”.
ספרי לי קצת על העיר. מה חוץ מאקלים הטוב, וזה שהיא נמצאת במרחק של שלושים קילומטרים מתל אביב, מושך אליו עולים חדשים?
אני יכולה לדבר על זה הרבה מאוד זמן. התאהבתי בעיר הזאת, וכמו כל המאוהבים, אני נוטה להעצים אותה. אבל יותר ברצינות ובקצרה, יש לנו אווירה יוצאת דופן, יש פה אנשים מאוד פתוחים וכולם מסתדרים, מכבדים זה את זה, למרות שהם שייכים לקהילות שונות. בנוסף, באריאל יש לנו רמה גבוהה של השכלה, הרבה חוגים ואירועי תרבות עירוניים למבוגרים ולילדים, והכי חשוב – החוויה של קבלה ושילוב של עולים חדשים, שנצברו לאורך השנים.
אבל אחרי הכל, לא הכל היה טוב במהלך הבחירות האחרונות בעיר (בסתיו 2018). יתרה מזאת, גם לאחר הסיכום הוגש ערעור לבג”ץ, ונערכו בחירות חוזרות בשלושה קלפיות. מה יש לך לאמר על זה?
תקופה זו היתה קשה ומתוחה מאוד. עמדתי בראש המטה בפעם הראשונה ורצתי בפעם הראשונה. העיר הנעימה שלנו היתה מלאה בשליליות, וברשתות החברתיות הפעילים של כמה מהמועמדים השמיצו את יריביהם ללא בושה. עם תום הנימוקים, נעשו עלבונות וירדו לפסים אישיים. האמנתי בניצחון שלנו, הגענו אליו בכבוד ובצדק. למרבה הצער, לא כולם יכולים לקבל תבוסה, ואחד המועמדים (מישראל ביתנו) הגיש ערעור על הפרות. אני לא אאשים אף אחד; אני רוצה להאמין שהסיבה לכך היתה ליקויים טכניים (מדובר על חוסר זהירות בפרוטוקול) שמקורם בגורם האנושי. הסיבה היחידה שבגללה ראש העיר אלי שבירו, שאל נבחרתו אני שייכת, החליט לאתגר את התביעה, היא כדי למנוע הוצאות נוספות מתקציב המדינה. הבנו שהניצחון יהיה שלנו, שכן העם אמר את דעתו והאמין באלי. וזה מה שקרה. בית המשפט החליט כי יש צורך בבחירות מחדש, והתוצאות הראו כי 69% מהבוחרים רוצים לראות את ראש העיר הנוכחי ממשיך כראש העיר. אני מאוד שמחה שהבחירות נגמרו, שאנחנו יכולים להמשיך לעבוד ולקדם רעיונות חדשים באווירה נעימה וידידותית שאני אוהבת כל כך באריאל.
אני חושב שאלה הראתה דוגמה טובה איך, אחרי שעברה את הקשיים של הקליטה, אפשר להיות מאושר בחיים האישיים שלך, להצליח בעבודה ופעילויות חברתיות.
ראיין: אהרון שוסטין פתח תקוה
תרגום מרוסית במקור מאת איגור שוסטין
ממייסד ומנהל האתר:
אל תשכחו את החשיבות של התמיכה האתר


פורסם ב -31 במרץ 2019 21:45 

С Новым 2019 годом!

Прошел еще один напряженный год. Посещаемость сайта выросла на 15-20%.
Из постоянных авторов отмечу неутомимого Вольфа РубинчикаЮрия ТепераВладимира Лякина, Бориса Гольдина.

Должен отметить и моего сына Игоря Шустина, переведшего с русского на англ. и иврит, а также наоборот, ряд огромных материалов.

Отличный материал подготовила Татьяна Норицына из Канады. Среди оказавших финансовую помощь сайту назову Эдуарда Коробко из Израиля и, конечно, 92-х летнего Наума Рошаля из Америки.
Он же прислал замечательное поздравление:
Дорогой, Арон!  Поздравляю тебя, и наших Калинковичан, и всех кто посещает твой сайт, с наступающим НОВЫМ 2019 ГОДОМ. Желаю всем счастья, здоровья, благополучия, и мира ИЗРАИЛЮ в Новом 2019 году.
Очень теплым поздравлением отметился и Борис Гольдин (США), прислав также и музыкальную открытку. 


Приведу также тех, кто на нас ссылался. Большое им спасибо!
“Наша Ніва”: nn.by
“ChessPro”: chesspro.ru
Каташук: brestchess.ucoz.ru
C. Каспаров: kasparovserchess.blogspot.com
Баранич: resurs.by
ЕГУ: ru.ehu.lt
“Вясна”: spring96.com
БАЖ: baj.by
“Семь сорок”: sem40.ru
“Телескоп”: teleskop-by.org
“Народная грамада”: hramada.org
“ПрайдзiСвет”: prajdzisvet.org
“Региональная газета”: rh.by
“Ситидог”: citydog.by
“Будзьма беларусамі!”: budzma.by
“Прамень”: pramen.io
“Сайт обещаний чиновников”: promise.by
“Шахматная школа”: chessmateok.com
“Москва шахматная”: chessmoscow.ru
Энциклопедия на евр. темы: ejwiki.org
Маргарита Акулич в книжках “Калинковичи и евреи”, “Мозырь и евреи”, etc. на books.google.by
Страница Бернштама berncollect.com
Были и те, кто использовал материалы, но не сослался:
“Беларусь сегодня”: sb.by

“Новы Час”: novychas.by

Хочется думать, что в будущем у них прибавится уважения к независимому сайту, существующему более 10 лет.

Тель-Авив, каньон Дизенгоф. Фото автора сайта.

С наступающим Новым 2019 годом! Всем здоровья, удачи, радости, благополучия!

Опубликовано 31.12.2018  17:38